Would starting school later in the day be beneficial for students and society? This is the issue explored by Aaron Carroll in his article “The Economic Case for Letting Teenagers Sleep a Little Later”. While his conclusions are sound and well-founded, his factual analysis tends to negate the personal experiences that are so compelling early in his article, and thus weaken the personal appeal and connections to his thesis.
In his article Mr. Carroll delves into the benefits and detriments to a later start time in schools, and he makes the argument that the benefits from a later start time to the individual student and society as a whole substantially outweigh any increased financial cost incurred in making a later start time a reality …show more content…
By using these personal experiences, Carroll builds credibility on the subject by showing he is close to the subject.
Once he has established a personal connection, Carroll then uses statistics to build further foundation for his argument. Carroll quotes facts and statistics that show a later start time would not only be economically feasible, but would in fact introduce additional revenue to the economy. Some examples of this are when Carroll attempts to calculate the economic benefit from a later start time for schools and then further attempts to show by analysis that society as a whole benefits economically from pushing back school times. Carroll uses these facts and figures to try to further convince the reader that moving back school start times would be of financial benefit as well as personal benefit to the student.
The main body of Carroll’s argument is his use of facts and figures to persuade the reader that school times are too early, and that moving them back would be beneficial to the economy as a whole. However, Mr. Carroll over uses the figures in his article in his attempt to establish the economical viability of moving school start times. Once he begins to refer to the problem on an economic level Carroll loses the personal element to his argument. The facts do hold a place in the argument, they provide an important safety net which allows Carroll
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The text states, “Start school later” “Too-early school start times are a national public health concern with consequences impacting children...” “Besides forcing many children to walk and drive to school in pre-dawn darkness, these hours are creating a generation deprived of the sleep that growing brains and bodies require. Restoring traditional school start times, as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Medical Association, and the Centers for Disease Control, is a practical and necessary solution with broad and immediate benefits for children of all ages.” Kids which schools have early starts lack in health, where at schools with later starts, kids get the sleep they need for their growing and developing bodies. This shows how later school starts benefit kids in
In Letting teens sleep in would save the country roughly $9 billion a year, Christopher Ingraham attempts to persuade the reader that later school start times would result in significant economic, and health benefits, despite short term cost deficits. Based on the evidence provided in the article, it is clear that Ingraham uses data from an “exhaustive new study by the Rand Corporation” to validate his argument, targeted toward the United States federal government as an audience. With this data, the author provides a favorable reason in arguing that later school start times should be implemented, boasting the fact that “The United States would realize $9 billion in economic gains”. Although it is stated that short term cost disadvantages would
Besides the author’s effective utilization of expert opinion to construct her rhetoric, she also employs examples of compelling consequences that display the deterioration of adolescent health being reversed when later start times are
Despite the overwhelming evidence given by current research, many people refuse to change school start times because of the lack of noticeable impact some schools had or the impact it had on some people’s schedules. Pannoni cites a statement by the Iowa City Community School District which found that “the later start time . . . [did] not reduce the number of tardy students by any appreciable amount.” The principal of Ballard High School agreed by saying that he “would be surprised to see large improvements in either attendance or grade data compared with past years” (Pannoni). Many schools refused to change because of how the later start and dismissal times would affect extracurricular activities and students with jobs. This change would also interfere with bus schedules and childcare habits. However, these seem like small problems that can be overcome when the results are that “later school start times were associated with students sleeping longer at night, less tardiness, having higher test scores, being less depressed, using less caffeine and other drugs, . . . and experiencing fewer morning car crashes” (Fenwick).
The school day should start later in order improve students’ mental health. Survey results have consistently indicated that middle level and high school students who start school at 7:15 a.m. or earlier obtain less total sleep on school nights due to earlier rise times in comparison to students at later-starting schools. () This is just the beginning of the negative impacts that early start times have on students. By starting school at a later time, students’ brains will function better, their grades and learning increases, and will be more mentally stable.
3. According to the article, what are some of the advantages of a later high school start time? What are some of the disadvantages?
In the United States of America, middle and high schools start as early as 7:00 am, requiring teenagers to rise at least at 6:30 in order to make it to class. As a nation, we can only view this as a monstrosity. In this essay, I will be going over three areas of analysis: one, why early start times for middle and high school create situations not in the interest of learning, two, why a later commencement time would have substantial benefits, and three, why said benefits would outweigh the disadvantages.
Many parents and students believe that school starts too early,I agree with them school hours should be pushed back.But some may argue why would this be necessary,or what can this change affect them. This change is beneficial for the students,in many ways such as conduct,grades,and tardies that is why pushing back school one hour will help and I will tell you how.
Wahlstrom reports on the contentious discussion and debate about whether or not schools should consider switching to later start times. When classes start before 8:15, students become sleep deprived causing memory deficits, impaired performance and alertness, and being able to stay on task. Even though there are all these negative consequences to early start times why do schools still continue to start before 8:15? Wahlstrom mentioned the possible reasons why more schools have not made the switch. Wahlstrom stated, “As other districts consider the change to a later start for their high schools… an extremely contentious decision because administrators do not want any local advocacy group or start policymaker to interfere in a decision normally
Yet still, parents and students are pushing for later start times in schools to accommodate to the natural schedule. Starting school at 9-10am rather 6-8am would drastically increase a student’s performance in school and would allow for more productivity and higher grades. Proper cognitive function would allow for happier and healthier students and could allow for a more positive social environment in
In essence, one author advocates the usage of later school start time while the other one contradicts it. The author of the first text advocates the usage of later school start time for many reasons. First of all, according to the text, the Minneapolis school district changed its start time from 7:20 to 8:40 a.m. and the students benefited from the change. The author states that "Students reported less depression when there was a later starting time."
He starts his essay by bringing the dreaded alarm clock into the equation. This evokes empathy from the reader, because odds are that the reader also was forced out of bed earlier than they would have like in their teen years. By allowing the reader to think about their own countless forced mornings, Carroll is one step closer to convince the audience of his opinion. Finally in order to solidify the audience’s empathy towards the subject, he mentions his teenage son, who does not sleep enough because of the early time of high school. This allows the author to put a personal attachment to his article, and causing the audience to think about their own children now and in the future who will be sleep deprived because of the early start of
Do later start times in school help kids stay focussed throughout the day? Many schools have been asking this question. Some schools have even already changed their start times to be later in the morning. I believe that school start times should stay the same way that they are, because of weaknesses that could be avoided that go with later start times. I will present reasons that the same start times schools use now are fine for students today.
Throughout the United States, students are attending school with an insufficient amount of sleep. The early school start times our depriving the students of their much needed sleep. Students that must ride the school bus are forced to wake up even earlier than those who drive or get dropped off at school. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute states,”It is recommended for teenagers get between nine and ten hours of sleep” (qtd. in “The Economic Case for Letting Teenagers Sleep a Little Later”).
In discussions of whether or not schools should start later, one controversial issue has been that it gets in the way of parents work schedules. People who believe that it’s too much of an inconvenience claim that it’s never too soon to start getting used to an early schedule. On the other hand, those who believe schools should start later assert that it’s much better for a student's concentration and overall health. My own view is there are more benefits than negatives and we should really start to consider such a change.