Lev Vygotsky's Contribution To Socialcultural Theory

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Children can learn in many different ways. When a leaner constructs their own understanding of knowledge through shared experiences it is called constructivism. This is a learning approach that is practiced by many teachers today and has proven to be a successful method for teaching and learning (Powell & Kalina, 2009). There are two main types of constructivism. This paper will discuss the cognitive and social categories as well as Lev Vygotsky’s main contribution to socialcultural theory.
Cognitive and Social Constructivism
Both cognitive and social constructivism is based on students creating personal meaning when new information is presented to them (Powell & Kalina, 2009). This meaning is what allows a learner to gain knowledge. This can either be obtained in a cognitive manner or by social interaction. Powell & Kalina (2009) say it is very important that a teacher understand how these learning approaches work in order for them to benefit the learner. Adding that both theories must be implemented in a way that students can connect with them (Powell & Kalina, 2009).
Cognitive constructivism is ideas that are constructed on an individual level through personal process (Powell & Kalina, 2009). This relates to how a learner constructs and builds their knowledge. According to developmental psychologist Jean Piaget sensorimotor stage, “children begin to discover their environment around them through their own senses and physical activity and then language”
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