Life in The Emerging Urban

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In 1814, the Quadruple Alliance composed of Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Great Britain finally defeated France. They meet at the Congress of Vienna, and agreed to fashion a general peace settlement. In 1815, the main ideas of liberalism are the individual freedoms, such as freedom of the press, freedom of speech, freedom, of assembly, and freedom from arbitrary arrest (Mckay et al., 2012). In contrast, the principal ideas of nationalism are the idea that each “people had its own genius and its own specific unity, and they are often led to the desire for an independent political state” (Mckay et al., 2012). A few years later, Prince Klemens von Metternich (1773-1859), Austrian Foreign Minister from 1809 to 1848) believed in absolute…show more content…
However, in the Industrial Revolution, the rapid urban growth caused more trouble. For instance, the rapid growth worsened long-standing over-crowding and unhealthy living conditions and posed frightening challenges for society (Mckay et al., 2012). In other words, the lower classes that immigrated from the farm lands didn’t live a better life. The urbanization was a too rapid movement for the government to react/ response to the challenges and needs for the society. During the era, people were all living in the same shelter, which allowed germs and diseases to be transmitted. the people were misinformed or lack the knowledge about the hygiene; they thought that being dirty was the road to wealth. Everybody perspective were the same, the rich, and the poor, they all believe that having their face all dirtied up and their teeth unclean were signs of wealth. Until, Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) brought up his Germ theory of disease to the society. Louis’ ideas were well-accepted after 20 years of research. His theory suggested that there is a “ specific disease were caused by a living organism called gems, and that those organism could be controlled in people as well as in beer, wine, and milk (Mckay et al., 2012). Soon after the discovery, the Louis’ theory was implanted in to hospital and schools to find new information for later prevention. Furthermore, the society lived in crammed city, where all the buildings, restaurants, and stores are
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