List and Explain Six Differences and Six Similarities Between the Political Philosophy of John Locke and That of Tomas Hobbes.

2162 Words Dec 15th, 2012 9 Pages
THE UNIVERSITY OF ZAMBIA
SOCIAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
INSTITUTE OF DISTANCE EDUCATION /DEPARTMENT OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

NAME : SELVAC HANG’ANDU
COURSE CODE : PH 101
COURSE NAME : POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
COMPUTER NO. : 12116173
QUESTION : List and explain six differences and six similarities between the political philosophy of John Locke and that of Tomas Hobbes.

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were philosophers from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The two men both had very strong views on freedom and how a country should be governed. Their view points are famous for contrasting one another. Hobbes has more of a pessimistic view on freedom while Locke’s opinions are more optimistic.
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Hence a situation where everyman is the enemy of every other endeavoring to destroy or subdue him by force or fraud or both. But such a state is even less in conformity with human desires than what most of us know .It is Hobbes famous words a state where the life of man is solitary poor, nasty ,brutish and short. The fear of such a state of things calls into action as a servant of the most fundamental of all the passions, that of self-preservation, at least a modicum of reason which finds a solution of the difficulty in social contract. By its terms men agreed to give up their natural liberty to sovereign authority which in turn gurantees them security, that is immunity from aggression by the force or fraud of others. It is only through authority of this sovereign that the war of all against all is held in check and order and security is maintained. (Talcott persons: 91).
In modern times, Tomas Hobbes defined right to life as natural rights which even the sovereign of the state could not jeopardize. But the name of John Locke is important who treated three rights (relating to life, liberty and property) as natural rights. Effective protection of the natural rights is the responsibility of the state .In case the sovereign authority is capable of fulfilling the trust of the people, the contract may be chosen instead for securing effective protection of natural rights. (J.C.Johari, 1989:136)
STATE OF NATURE BY THOMAS HOBBES