“Obstacles don’t have to stop you. If you run into a wall, don’t turn around and give up. Figure out how to, climb it, go through it, or work around it” (Michael Jordan). The idea of overcoming obstacles is emphasized not just in Jordan’s words, but also in many pieces of literature, including Speak, “If”, The Third and Final Continent, and “The Art of Resilience”. The theme is developed through literary devices throughout the novel and the analitary texts. Characterization shows how the characters appearance and personalities were like before they overcame their difficulties, so it is clear how much they change. The point of view displays how the character is feeling and how they are expressing themselves. Finally, conflict shows the problems that the characters overcome as the story progresses. The common theme throughout Speak by Laurie Anderson, “If” by Rudyard Kipling, The Third and Final Continent by Jhumpa Lahiri, and “The Art of Resilience” by Hara Estroff Marano is overcoming difficulties.
The characterization in both Speak by Laurie Anderson and “If” by Rudyard Kipling, strongly develops the theme throughout the novel and the poem. In Speak, Melinda, has a negative perspective on how to act before she overcame her problem: “ It is easier not to say anything. Shut your trap, button your lip, can it. All that crap you hear on TV about communication and expressing feelings is a lie. Nobody really wants to hear what you have to say” (Anderson 9). Melinda,