Magical Realism In Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosi

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Magical realism is a widely known type of literature, but what makes a story fit under this genre? Franz Kafka’s “The Metamorphosis” is a great example of magical realism because it exhibits a vast collection of magical elements throughout the story. In the novella, Gregor Samsa awakens one morning to find out that he has turned into an insect. Throughout this novella, Gregor attempts to identify who he is as a person and learns that he is an outsider in his own home as well as in society. This set of elements is seen in many short stories much like “The Metamorphosis”. Julio Cortázar’s “Axolotl” reveals one of these elements, transformation of the common, when a boy internally transforms into an axolotl as he is looking at them in the exhibit. In the film Life of Pi, by Ang Lee, the element of realism is uncovered when Pi is revealing the story of his childhood adventures. The last element of magical realism, the aspect of fairy tales, is prominently seen in Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s “The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World” when an abnormally large man washes up on the shore of a village. The use of magical realism elements in “The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World”, “Axolotl”, and Life of Pi parallels the elements revealed in “The Metamorphosis” making it an ideal example of magical realism. One of the main elements of magical realism is transformation of the common, which many authors use to depict an ordinary object as something fantastic. In “The Metamorphosis”,

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