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Maternal Mortality In Brazil Essay

Decent Essays
Summary Maternal mortality remains a significant issue in Brazil despite recent declines, with there still being 44 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in the country (Szwarcwald et al.) Poor women, women of color, and women living in rural areas are those most likely to suffer maternal mortality (Caldwell). Prominent contributing factors to maternal mortality in the country are the country’s extremely high rate of Cesarean sections (Esteves-Pereira et al.), the illegality of abortions (Diniz et al.), and the large healthcare disparities that exist along income and geographic strata (Martinelli et al.) To address these challenges, Brazil has introduced several pieces of legislation, with one of the most prominent being the…show more content…
Furthermore, Brazil requires adjudication to decide if an abortion may be provided in cases of severe fetal anomalies and malformations (Diniz et al.) These factors have resulted in a large number of unsafe abortions, with a survey in 2010 finding that 22% of women between the ages of 35 and 39 had attempted to induce an abortion. Additionally, in 2008, there were 3,230 legal abortions, but an estimated one million total abortions occur in the country annually (Diniz et al). Roughly one in five abortions resulted in hospitalization in 2008, with a disproportionate number of those suffering complications being poor black women; in fact, these women were found to be three times more likely to die from unsafe abortions than their counterparts, primarily due to lack of access to sterile materials and trained medical providers (Diniz et al.) Another risk factor for maternal mortality is the rate of Cesarean sections, which are startlingly high in Brazil at a rate of nearly 57% of births in 2014, with 35% percent of women giving birth in public hospitals and 80% of women giving birth in private hospitals undergoing the procedure, resulting in the highest prevalence of Cesarean
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