Meanings and Significations of Linguistic Terms

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The language is the main communication channel for the human species. As humans are social beings, thorough understanding of the language is essential for coherent and correct communication that can lead to good, clear transmission of ideas, meanings and subtle nuances the way people intend to. In former times, humans relied on symbols and drawings to make their messages known, their system of communication being quite rudimentary compared to what we have today, when the language has seen an accelerated development and has grown into such broad directions that people cannot even possibly know the entire array of meanings and significations. In the following, the paper will go through a list of words, trying to explain what they mean and give examples of their uses. Idiom simply said, an idiom is a construction of words that has a figurative meaning, different from the meanings of the words that build it. However, the figurative meaning of an idiom is not necessarily predictable from the direct meanings of its components. To illustrate this main aspect, perhaps the best well known example is: "It's raining cats and dogs". Here, there is clearly absolutely no reference to the animals mentioned, what the idiom points out is that it's heavily raining. The English language (both British and American) has thousands of idioms, this showing just how heavily important they are to the language. Another, more direct meaning of the word "idiom" would be synonym to "dialect", the
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