Medieval Music : The Music Of The Medieval Period

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This period was the longest period of musical history. Most of the music in the medieval period were related and dedicated to religion.
Many of the instruments used were ancestors of the modern musical instruments. The lute, the string instrument, a popular instrument of the medieval time period, eventually evolved into guitars. Recorders, also from this period, is one of the oldest woodwind and the forefather of the flute and clarinet.
The early music of this period was monophonic, it only had one line of melody without any harmony or accompaniment but had Gregorian chant, which came with religious music.
During the 11th century, music appeared with the forefather of harmony: two or more lines of harmony.
The music was also very monotone and plain
Music were composed by monks and most of the medieval music is anonymous; the names of the composers were either lost or never written down. However, extremely important composers had their work credited. Such as Hildegard of Bingen, Guillaume de Machaut, Comtessa de Dia, Peter Abelard.
Many important composers were also female; the era included a large number of female composers because they were educated (compared to baroque, classical and romantics period where patriarchy was at its peak).

While religious music still dominated, secular music became more popular . New instruments were invented and older instruments, such as the lute, evolved.
The harpsichord (that later became the piano) was invented during this time.
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