A large difference between the Canadian and American Criminal Justice System is that in Canada, all first-time judges no matter what level of court have to be lawyers and had to have been for at least five years, although virtually all appointments come from lawyers who have at least 10 years of experience(Choosing Judges in Canada, 2010) the judges are appointed by the federal or provincial government, superior court judges are appointed by the federal government meanwhile the inferior courts; which are all courts that are not the superior court, are appointed by the provincial government. “In many American jurisdictions justices and judges are elected to their positions, they must meet certain basic requirements, including citizenship and residency” (How judges are elected).
The Canadian criminal justice system consists of multiple roles in order to sustain a well-working government system. The system is put in place in order to keep safety, equality, peace and fairness. There are four main functions of the criminal justice system that are interrelated segments that help protect a society from crime. The criminal justice system consists of policing, courts, corrections and parole. The component of the Canadian Criminal Justice System that will be discussed is about the process and function of the courts.
Wrongful conviction is an issue that has plagued the Canadian Justice System since it came to be. It is an issue that is hard to sort out between horrific crimes and society’s desire to find truth and justice. Incidences of wrongful conviction hit close to home right here in Saskatchewan as well as across the entire nation. Experts claim “each miscarriage of justice, however, deals a blow to society’s confidence in the legal justice system” (Schmalleger, Volk, 2014, 131). Professionals in the criminal justice field such as police, forensic analyst, and prosecutors must all be held accountable for their implications in wrongful convictions. There are several reasons for wrongful convictions such as racial bias, false confessions, jailhouse
Civil litigation is court action brought to remedy a wrong or breach of contract. This is shown through Canterbury Bulldogs player Sonny Bill Williams breached his contract by walking out on the club after having signed a contract which was legally binding. Through this law reform has been further enhanced in Australian sport.
Wrongful Canada(Wrongful Convictions) A wrongful conviction is when somebody is accused and convicted of a crime in which they didn’t commit. There have been many cases of people being wrongfully convicted and having to spend years in jail before they finally be released, and sometimes not. There have been cases where people have been wrongfully convicted, spent their whole life in jail and eventually receive the death penalty and get killed for a crime that they didn’t commit.
After three failed attempts at finding a civil case at Howard County Circuit Court about a business related and another two failed attempts at the Baltimore County District Court, I was finally able to attend a civil docket at Baltimore County District Court. The court is located at 900 Walker Avenue, Catonsville, 21228 in Maryland. Most of the cases, I saw when I came at 9: 00 a.m. on November 3rd, 2014 for the morning docket were contract or tort cases and Judge Marsha L. Russell was presiding it as well as encouraged five sets of group to talk Plaintiff Brian DMD Moore vs Defendant Wilbur Lucas, Plaintiff BQ Management, LLC vs Defendant Dameka Carroll, Plaintiff Mercy Medical Center vs. Defendant Melvin R. Cook, Plaintiff Apartment Services vs Bethea J Scherrie and Plaintiff Regional Management vs Defendant Cynthia M Crook. The case numbers for the five cases are 0004632-2014, 0020559-2014, 0020690-2014, 0020636-2014, and 0011960-2014. Another case was dismissed the Plaintiff Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Inc. vs Harvey Singleton and case number 0020400-2014. One other case was continued for another day Plaintiff Damian Banks vs George Sturton/ Alexis Brown.
The Canadian criminal justice system collects statistics and data on a variety of topics in respect to both offenders and victims. Some of the data that is collected include information about an offender or victim's age, race, and marital status. Whether or not data should be collected and what kind of data that is being collected has been a topic of controversy. Canada has no official policy regarding the use of racial profiling, but that does not mean that it is not prevalent in our society. It is known that making information about the race of an offender public potentially leads to racial profiling by the public; however the collection of data is important for other areas of the criminal justice system. Collecting data for use in the criminal
On June 22, 2016, your affiant spoke with the complainant via phone and she confirmed the facts of the case and provided your affiant with the defendant’s name and date of birth. Your
Citizens of Canada are protected by the laws established within the past five decades including; The Code of Conduct, The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom and the Youth Criminal Justice Act with many more followed. In Winnipeg, Manitoba a teen at the age of 16 had murdered 20 year old David Michael in his head on September 25, 2011. (Turner, James, 2013, n.d) After trial the boy’s name was revealed to the public after Brenda Keyser, the Court of Queen’s Bench justice had decided that he was a “high risk to reoffend”. (Turner, James, 2013, n.d) This was not the convicts first offence,
The public may obtain copies upon request of public records: criminal, civil, domestic relations, family court (divorce decrees), probate and tax court case files, marriage licenses, etc.