Milgram 's Experiments On Obedience By Ian Parker

Decent Essays
Milgram’s infamous experiment was met with much controversy and even outrage. To Milgram, the experiment was considered to be a mixed blessing: it would both “make his name and destroy his reputation” (Parker 95). Diana Baumrind, a psychologist at the institute of Human Development at the University of California, Berkley, was the spearhead of the anti-Milgram movement writing the “Review of Stanley Milgram’s Experiments on Obedience” in which she reprimands Milgram for the maltreatment of his subjects (Baumrind 94). Baumrind questions the ethics of Milgram’s experiment, stating that it was his responsibility to protect the subjects from being humiliated or emotionally distressed. She also argues that Milgram’s findings were inconclusive,…show more content…
In agreement with Baumrind, Professor Gregorio Encina, author of “Milgram’s Experiment on Obedience to Authority” came to the conclusion that in general, more submission was elicited from “teachers” for three reasons: first, if the authority figure was in close proximity; second, if teachers felt they could pass the responsibility to others; and lastly, if experiments took place in an unfamiliar place that appeared to be a respected organization (Encina). In concordance to both Baumrind and Encina’s claims, Saul McLeod includes the statistic that when the experiment was moved to a set of run down offices, opposed to the impressive Yale University, obedience dropped 47.5%. Suggesting that status of locations weighs into the obedience of the subjects (McLeod). Likewise, Parker would agree that setting plays a significant role in the way humans behave, as he quotes Professors of social psychology, Lee Ross and Richard Lee Nisbett, declaring, “We stubbornly underestimate the influence of the situation, the way things happened to be at that moment.” He continues by stating that subtle changes in circumstances can lead to radical changes in behavior (Parker 103). Unlike Baumrind, Parker effectively supports his claims, citing experts in the appropriate field. In agreement with Parker’s claim, Matthew Lieberman, a professor of Psychology at The University of California Los Angeles, states that all of the most classic studies in the early days
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