Modal Verbs

6076 Words Nov 18th, 2012 25 Pages
COURSE PAPER

Modal Verbs

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION ………………………..………………………………….......... 3
CHAPTER ONE. CATEGORY OF MODALITY AND MEANS OF ITS EXPRESSION …………...…………………………...…......4 1.1. Notion of modality and history of its study ……….…….………….4 1.2. Modal verbs as means of expressing modality………………...........6
Conclusions to Chapter One ………………………………………………........12
CHAPTER TWO. LEXICO-GRAMMATICAL MEANS OF EXRESSING MODALITY …………………………………………...…..13 2.1. Modal verbs as means of expressing possibility and probability....13 2.2. Modal verbs as means of expressing advice………………… .…..14 2.3. Modal verbs as means of expressing necessity.………….………..15 2.4. Modal verbs as means of
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In Russian linguistics modality was also a subject of interest for many scholars. Here it is worth mentioning a prominent academician V.V Vinogradov. He was one of the first who gave very broad interpretation of the category of modality. V. V. Vinogradov first of all refers modality to “the fundamental structural characteristic of any sentence” and characterizes it as “the speaker’s evaluation of the relation of utterance content to the reality”. (Vinogradov 1947) Another Russian scholar V. Z. Panfilov distinguishes two types of modal meanings: objective modality and subjective modality. In his opinion objective modality “reflects a character of objective connections, which take place in this or that situation, to which cognitive act refers, namely, a possible, real and necessary connections”. Subjective modality “expresses the evaluation of the degree of knowledge of these connections from the point of view of the speaker, they point out the credibility value of idea, which surrounds a particular situation”. (Panfilov 1971) Some scholars emphasize other aspects of modality, not denying its evaluative character. G. A. Zolotova for example distinguishes 3 meanings of modality: 1/ an attitude of the person to the reality from the speaker’s point of view; 2/ speaker’s attitude to the content of the expression; 3/

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