Modern Surrogacy: Choosing between Traditional or Gestational

Decent Essays

The concept of having children for other people is not a new idea, in fact it happens in the Bible. In Genesis 16, Abraham and Sarah have a child by Sarah’s maidservant Hagar (NIV Genesis 16:1-4). So surrogacy in its most basic form—a woman birthing a child for another person of couple—is not a new concept. However, it is prohibited or void and unenforceable in five states. What is it about modern surrogacy that do people not like? What even is modern surrogacy? There are two types of surrogacy: traditional and gestational. Traditional surrogacy is a contractual situation in which a woman becomes impregnated, by artificial insemination, using her own egg and the sperm of a man. Gestational surrogacy refers to a contractual situation where …show more content…

Surrogacy in America, when valid, is a legal process, just like adoption; therefore, it must be done through attorneys or agencies. Some people, like Charles Dougherty of the Center for Health Policy and Ethics, believe that “it might cause future generations, for example, to think of the human embryo or fetus as interchangeable parts, reproduction as a mechanical process, wombs as organs for rent, etc.” (Dougherty par. 4). Dougherty is mistaken in his view of surrogacy and reproduction technologies because he overlooks the fact that many people view the birth of children as a gift, a miracle. Like physician Elvonne Whitney says, “once embryos, eggs, or sperm are [placed] in the uterus, we have no more control over their further development…God is still in control, and every conception is a miracle” (Whitney 105). As long as it’s done responsibly, the use of artificial insemination or IVF, for surrogacy or otherwise, is not treating embryos as parts or reproduction as a mechanical process because ??????
Another reason some people argue that surrogacy is immoral or unethical is because it is perceived as demeaning to women with the possibility of exploitation. In 1992 ???????????????? justified intruding in the plaintiff’s right to procreate for three reasons, the third was because “surrogacy-for-profit arrangements have the potential for demeaning women by reducing them to the status of “breeding machines”” (Doe v.

Get Access