Modernism vs. Post-Modernism

Better Essays

Modernism sociologically, is a discipline that arose in direct response to the social problems of "modernity" (Harriss 2000, 325); the term most generally refers to the social conditions, processes, and discourses of 1438-1789 and extending to the 1970s or later (Toulmin 1992, 3–5). Modernity may also refer to tendencies in intellectual culture, particularly the movements intertwined with secularization and post-industrial life, such as Marxism, existentialism, and the formal establishment of social science. Modernism | Advantage | Disadvantages | 1. Man learns to socialize through language and become part of the society (Marx). | 1. Man becomes a form imaged of the society through conforming what they think is right or wrong. | …show more content…

But we must take note that it is not limited to hostile or antagonistic opposition; it is not wholly a clash of coercive powers as often is implied, but of any opposing social powers. When an oppressed becomes aware of their situation they want change in social order that maybe manifested through debating, arguing, or disputing; of bargaining powers through haggling, negotiating, and many more. Deviant people push a society’s moral boundaries, suggesting alternatives to the status quo and encouraging change. According to Durheim “todays deviance can be tomorrow’s morality”. Rallies and protesters population increase means more people is part of socially constructed reality that emerges in interaction. According to Emile Durkheim social phenomena must be explained sociologically not psychologically. In his now classic work, Suicide he was interested in explaining a social phenomenon, suicide, and employed both data and theory to offer an explanation. By aggregating data for large groups of people in Europe, Durkheim was able to discern patterns in suicide rates and connect those patterns with another concept (or variable): religious affiliation. Durkheim found that Protestants were more likely to commit suicide than were Catholics. At this point, Durkheim 's analysis was still in the data stage; he had not proposed an explanation for the different suicide rates of the two groups. It was when Durkheim introduced the ideas of anomie and social solidarity that he began

Get Access