Essay about Morals and Ethics

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Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, and Nietzsche all had their own ideas for which one could reach happiness in his/her life. All have similarities in there reasoning except Nietzshe, who contradicts the others entirely.
Plato states that to understand virtue is happiness. In turn virtue suffices for happiness and is necessary. Also he intuits that human reasoning prevails over spirited element or a person?s appetite.
Aristotle?s arguments relate with Plato, but he builds more to it and finds his own answers. He agrees that all people desire happiness and virtue is necessary for happiness. In same mind with Plato, Aristotle says happiness comes from perfecting our minds and characters.
Unlike Plato, Aristotle questions and concludes that virtue
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I find that all the views are a bit primitive. If any of the mentioned people were alive in the world today his views would be dramatically changed.
2. The Platonic virtue of justice consists with that of the human soul, the virtues Plato holds important, and personality types of the people. Justice is the virtue of the soul and it allows it to perform its function well. To live happily and morally one must be just. One who understands goodness will comprehend Plato?s Idea of the Good. He finds that wisdom and courage are needed virtues. As these virtues are understood they work in harmony and lead to the virtue of temperance. The soul is now enabled to perform its function well. Justice follows from this harmony.
To be virtuous one must be in accordance with the right conduct. Plato states our actions must reflect the desired inner harmony of our soul. Right conduct is that which promotes, sustains, or issues from virtuous character. One must look at the effects of his/her actions and decide if it leads to a virtuous soul and character.
3. Plato and Aristotle reason that ones functions relate to the metaphysical. Plato created the titles of ?the world of forms? and ?the world of shadows?. The world of forms is based on the spiritual and the world of shadows is what is physical. His focus is on the importance of what is spiritual. His teleology focuses on the soul.
Aristotle?s views are slightly
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