Muslim Minorities' Security in OIC Member States

2123 WordsJan 31, 20189 Pages
Muslim Minorities' Security in OIC Member States Division within the Muslim world did not begin until after the death of the Prophet Muhammad. It arose in the form of political uncertainty about who would be the next leader of the Muslim community after the death of the Prophet. One group of thinkers, who came to be known as Shiites (Shia meaning "faction" in Arabic), believed that authority in the Muslim world should stay within the family of the Prophet, and so pointed to Ali and his son Husayn, Muhammad's close relatives. Another group, known as Sunnis, believed that the person most worthy to lead should become the caliph, no matter his bloodline (Strayer 423). Over the centuries, this Sunni/Shiite divide only widened. Several Shiite rebellions–mainly failures–invested them with an ideology that their dead leaders were simply hiding, leading them to develop the belief in the Hidden, or Twelfth, Imam who would one day return and set right the Shiites' problems with the Sunnis (Strayer 423). Other minor differences exist in the two groups ideology, with Shiites placing weight just on the teachings of Muhammad and his descendants, whereas the Sunnis recognize works from other influential early Muslim leaders. Several subdivisions exist within Shia Islam; their differences exist in how many imams throughout history they recognize as legitimate. One major offshoot of Sunni Islam–Wahhabism–originated in the teachings, military state-building, and reformist tendencies

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