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Nicotine Addiction

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Abstract
This paper discusses substance abuse with the main focus on tobacco and nicotine addiction and touches on the counseling processes involved. The continued overuse of tobacco products all over the world is one of the leading causes of preventable health issues and deaths. The addictive substance found in tobacco is called nicotine. Nicotine is chemical agent that is dispensed in very large doses through the usage tobacco products, such as cigarette smoking or chewing tobacco. Dependence or addiction is commonplace among users of tobacco products. Due to high levels of discrimination, racial, ethnic, and cultural minorities are susceptible to substance. Applicable treatments leading to cessation of tobacco product usage include
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Nicotine is a psychoactive drug that messes with the chemical makeup of a smoker’s brain resulting in addiction. Nicotine is considered the main addictive component in tobacco products that inspires the continued usage. The rapidity at which nicotine is absorbed into the reward area of the mesolimbic system causes addiction (Bodie, 2014, pg. 318) where is activates the dopamine system generating pleasing effects on mood and behavior (De Biasi and Dani, 2011). The dopamine that is released within the brain then speeds up the break down process of the chemical monoamine oxide β. Monoamine oxide β supports the rapid break down of dopamine (Doweiko, 2012, pg. 221). Dopamine is main element for the false feelings of reward associated with smoking a cigarette (Benowitz, 2009). Nicotine binds to the acetylcholine receptors in the brain, which is responsible for the release of endorphins and epinephrine as a smoker draws a lung full of smoke from a cigarette. Endorphins and epinephrine are associated to the calming affects that many smokers claim to feel during times of stress, as well as being linked to the reduction of fatigue, and increased alertness (Doweiko, 2012, pg. 221-222). The gratifying feelings that are associated with smoking a cigarette or through the use of other tobacco products, combined with the rewarding impressions caused by nicotine are considered possible causes of nicotine dependence and
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