Nietzschean Values

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In my essay I will be discussing three topics from the Nietzschean texts The Gay Science and Thus Spoke Zarathustra. The three main topics concerning these texts that I will talk about are "the overman", "the death of God" and "the new and old sets of values". Briefly, how these three topics relate is that once God is dead, (meaning that we do not believe in him anymore), humanity will have to create new sets of values. These new sets of values will need to have our own meaning instead of looking to a metaphysical world for truth. I think that the "overman", is the men that will be able to completely abandon the old set of values and create the new ones; he is both a lawbreaker and a law-creator.

First off, I want to talk about the concept …show more content…

Nietzsche believed that once "God is dead", we must become like Gods and create our own meaning of life. We would be the creators of our own values, ethics, morals and truth. He believed that without God, there would be an emptiness between the difference of good and evil. For that reason, we would need to build our own definition of good and evil with no metaphysical belief in it. Furthermore, Nietzsche explained that God is not only a divine being for religious people but that he represents the foundation of our system of knowledge and the code of law of the modern civilization This idea is expressed in his book the gay science when he says: "Whiter are we moving? Away from all suns? Are we not plunging continually? Backwards, sideward, forward, in all directions? Is there still any up or down? Are we not straying as through an infinite nothing? [...] God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him." (Nietzsche, The Gay Science, 181). What this quotation means is that God is the source of all meaning and since he is dead we are now left plunging through a valueless universe. We have lost our source of meaning, values, ethics, morals and truth. How can we know what is "up and down", "good and bad", or "right and wrong" anymore? This quotation proves us that once God is dead we will have no choice but to create new values for ourselves. Another interesting quotation that ties in both the …show more content…

He is the man that will completely eliminate the metaphysical part of his life and move on to a new era. Nietzsche talks about the overman in his book Thus Spoke Zarathustra when he says: "I teach you the overman. Man is something that shall be overcome."(124). Additionally, Nietzsche mentions the "the overman" in another very interesting quotation saying: " Man is a rope tied between beast and overman - a rope over an abyss. A dangerous across, a dangerous on-the-way, a dangerous looking-back, a dangerous shuddering and stopping. What is great in man is that he is a bridge and not an end..." (Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, 126). This quotation tells us that the modern man is a bridge to becoming the overman but he is scared of what is on the other side. What that means, is that in order for the modern man to completely abandon the old values and to overcome the belief in God, he must cross that bridge and become the overman. This quotation explains to us in an abstract way the challenge that the modern man must overcome in order to become the

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