Northern Mesopotamia And. Cahokia And Monte Alban

978 WordsJun 1, 20154 Pages
Small communities in southern Mesopotamia evolved to one of the earliest states due to environmental changes that occurred between the Ubaid and Uruk periods. These environmental changes such as the creation of Arabo-Persian Gulf increased population in certain regions, which in turn increased competition, warfare, and optimal settings for trade. All this lead to some of the earliest states being formed in Southern Mesopotamia. Cahokia and Monte Alban are two examples of primary states that were formed in Mesoamerica due to their competition level. Monte Alban used strategic warfare tactics to get control over regions that were rich in resources in order to do create a sustainable state. On the other hand because of Cahokia’s lack of control over distant regions, their state destructed in a very short time period, concluding that competition was the main reason for early state formation. In the later years of Northern Mesopotamia civilization, the climate changed dramatically causing the collapse of several states in the region. Volcano eruptions, increased degree of dryness, and other changes in the climate destroyed the agriculture in the area causing people to relocate to other states. This article solidifies the view that environmental changes are the only reason states formed in certain regions in the first place. Extracted soil samples indicate simultaneous reduction of rainfall and occasional erosion. Both soil and sediment features show establishment of marked

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