Cased Assignment- Historical Foundations and Achievements
BHE200- Essentials of Public Health
Dr. Jewel Carter- McCummings
November 23, 2014
For the first Case Assignment, please answer the following questions. You can submit your paper in a Question and Answer format. In other words, list the questions and provide a short answer to each.
Which one of the major achievements in public health identified in Bouldin, E. (2010) is especially interesting to you?
Briefly describe the achievement, in a paragraph or two.
In what era did this achievement occur?
Briefly discuss the historical context of the development. What was happening during that time period? What spurred the development of the…show more content…
Edward Jenner invented a vaccine by using a naturally-acquired and mild cowpox to prevent smallpox. More than one thousand people were vaccinated in England alone within three years. The print media played an important role in spreading the word about these vaccinations and smallpox was finally eradicated in 1980 (Bouldin, 2010).
Q2. In what era did this achievement occur?
This achievement occurred during the Age of Enlightenment. Smallpox could not be completely controlled during that period but the invention of the vaccine made it possible to prevent the spread of smallpox and finally eradicate it 1980. As France entered the Age of Enlightenment in the eighteenth century, public health became an important aspect of society. Concept of equality enabled people to understand health in a better way. Infant mortality was focused and government was forced to regulate alcohol and ensure the safety of infants. Health education got popular. Occupational health was also focused and several occupational ailments were understood and described during this era. Significance of mental health was realized and it was started to be viewed as a health problem. It shows that the Age of Enlightenment was important for the development of health care field (Bouldin, 2010).
It was during this era that Edward Jenner invented a vaccine to prevent smallpox by inoculating a healthy eight-year old boy with cowpox;