Nurture Debate

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In psychology, the nature versus nurture debate is concerned about the degree to which are behavior is derived from genetic factors and environmental factors. Nature, in essence, means that we were born the way we are and this side of the debate argues that our biology has the greatest influence on our behavior. Nurture on the other hand believes that what a person has been exposed to and experienced has the greatest influence on their behavior. Psychological perspectives have certain assumptions about human behavior that relate to the nature versus nurture debate. The four main perspectives are psychoanalytic, humanistic, social cognitive, and behavioral. The psychoanalytic perspective evolved from the work of Sigmund Freud. In this perspective, …show more content…

However, I did not place it closest to nurture because the humanistic perspective believes in Maslow’s theory of basic needs while still focusing on environmental factors. I out the behavioral perspective closest to nurture because behaviorist believe all behavior is learned from the environment through conditioning. Behaviorist reject the notion that behavior is inherited. They believe a person is born a “blank slate” and that our experiences mold us. Behaviorist believe is it better to focus on the observable rather than on the mind. An example of all of this at play would be how the different perspectives treat mental disorders, such as phobias. According to the American Psychiatric Association, a phobia is an irrational and excessive fear of an object or situation. According the the psychoanalytical perspective phobias are based on anxiety reactions of the id that have been repressed by the ego. In other words, the currently feared object is not the original subject of the fear. This would be an example of nature over nurture. However, according to the the behavioral perspective phobias develop when fear responses are reinforced or punished. Both reinforcement and punishment can be positive or negative. This would be an example of nurture over

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