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introduction to psychology Essay

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DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES ON PSYCHOLOGY

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Abstract:

The following paper consists of an explanation, of what the history of psychology taught us about the human behaviour. This explanation consists of summarising the different perspectives in psychology. Each perspective is trying to view the human mind and behaviour from a different angle, i.e. the biological perspective tries to analyse the human behaviour by understanding the biological and physical structure of the brain and the nervous system, whereas the psychodynamic perspective focuses on, how the behaviour changes according to our infant and child experiences. The different perspectives are shown below with the following order: a) Psychodynamic b) Humanistic c)
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He also believed that the unconscious consists of three main areas.
1. The Id
2. The Ego
3. The Superego
The Id area is divided into two main human instincts. One is the “EROS” which is the instinct of life, which involves the self-preservation and sex instincts. The other one is “Thanatos” which is the death instinct. It is far less powerful than Eros and therefore its energies and thoughts are channeled away from ourselves or are expressed by aggression towards others.
Defence mechanisms are often used by people to reduce anxieties that are caused by the inner conflict between the Id and Superego. Psychoanalysis is a therapy performed to patients in order to help them resolve this inner conflict.

DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES ON PSYCHOLOGY

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HUMANISTIC PERSPECTIVE:
The humanistic perspective of psychology is a field that studies the human as a whole person to understand its behaviour. Humanistic psychology is a study that looks the human behaviour through the eyes of the person behaving in a certain way, and not from a third person aspect. In addition to the psychodynamic perspective, where Freud believes that the behaviour of a human being is determined by its childhood, the humanistic perspective supports that each and every person is unique and individual and has the free will to change his behaviour at any time of its life. Humanistic psychologists believe that every person is responsible for his own happiness and
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