Nutrition, Obesity, and Disease

Decent Essays
For everyone, nutrients are an energy source for the body, they maintain and support the growth of body tissues as well as regulate the body processes (Lutz & Przytulski, 2011). Health care providers have the responsibility to provide their patients with information that can be helpful in their daily lives but also provide information about nutrition that can prevent some diseases from occurring. Obesity is considered to be a major health crisis all over the world, it can lead to diseases such as: stroke, heart disease, hypertension, some cancers and many more (Coe, 2010). In 2010, research shows that 24.5% of adults in England were obese and 13.9% of children were obese, this number has only risen since then (NHS Information Centre, 2009 & Coe, 2010). Millions of adults are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and that number will continue to increase as well.
Good nutrition is important for the prevention of many diseases as well as the prevention of obesity. Obesity is linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes developing (Coe, 2010). Obesity is classified as “excessive accumulation of fat, not merely being overweight according to height and weight standards”, in 2010 the CDC confirmed that there were 72.5 million, adult Americans that were obese (DeWit & O’Neill, 2014). The prevention of obesity includes knowledge of nutrition and regular physical activity. Also the prevention of obesity can be linked to maintaining a healthy BMI. The recommended range for BMI is 18.5 to
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