Obesity Is The Most Prevalent Nutritional Problem

1356 WordsNov 4, 20156 Pages
Obesity is the most prevalent nutritional problem in the world, eclipsing undernutrition and infectious disease as the most significant contributor to ill health and mortality (Lau, Douketis & Morrison 2006). Due to this, life altering decisions have to be suggested in client care, related to nutrition, to maximize the continuation of health and wellness. Obesity occurs when there is a disparity between the overall energy input and energy output of an individual and the input is greater than the output. Energy input refers to the ingestion and ultimate metabolical breakdown of nutrients to be utilized or stored by the body while energy output refers to any work that the body does. For the efficient running of the human body an individual should not just eat, but ensure that a balanced diet is obtained. A balanced diet comprises of food from the main food groups which are vegetables, fruits, grains, protein, dairy and oils. For a newborn baby or an infant these nutrients should be accessible through breastmilk or a suitable supplemental alternative. The integral process of balancing this energy input and energy output is essential for the efficient functionality of bodily processes. The effect of proper nutrition is paramount on several body systems but it is most obvious in the musculoskeletal system. Proper nutrition in infancy is, therefore, a significant issue and is important in the development of the musculoskeletal system which would enhance the process of growth and
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