Essay on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

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Obsessive compulsive disorder is a disease that many people know of, but few people know about. Many people associate repeated washing of hands, or flicking of switches, and even cleanliness with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), however there are many more symptoms, and there are also explanations for those symptoms. In this paper, I will describe what obsessive compulsive disorder is, explain some of the effects of it, and explain why it happens. I will also attempt to prove that while medication doesn’t cure OCD, it vastly improves one’s quality of life. Furthermore I intend to show that behavior therapy (cognitive based therapy) is another useful tool in helping a person to overcome their OCD.…show more content…
Scientists know that there are certain genes that cause this disorder, but as of now, they haven’t been able to pinpoint the specific gene. It is believed that OCD is caused as a result of a problem with the chemicals that deliver nerve cells to the brain. When the nerve cells are unable to reach the brain, or there are not enough delivered to the brain, the person can begin to dwell on certain things, leaving them with a feeling of doubt and worry. There are some rare cases, where young children get OCD when they are recovering from Strep Throat. While this is extremely rare, the symptoms appear out of nowhere, and are extremely severe.

Obsessive compulsive disorder was touched upon by Sigmund Freud in 1909. In “Notes upon a Case of Obsessional Neurosis” Freud described a patient he had named “Rat Man”, who was a young man with a fairly well versed education. “Rat man suffered from blasphemous and sexual obsessions and vivid, recurring images of rats devouring him and his father.” (Summers, 54) Freud believed that the above listed symptoms were a result of failure to have been properly toilet trained, and also a form of the Oedipus complex.

While today, Freud’s theory behind OCD has been completely disproved, that was one of the first documented cases of the disease. According to Marc Summers’ book Everything In Its
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