Ocean Carriers Case Report Executive Summary Ocean Carriers is evaluating a proposed lease for a ship over three years starting in 2003. Currently, Ocean Carriers does not have any ships that are available to meet this customer demand. This report will assist VP of Finance Mary Lynn to make a decision on whether or not to commission a new carrier and how long to hold on to this asset. Based off a financial analysis using the data Ocean Carriers has provided, the final recommendation is that Ocean Carriers should build a new ship out of its Hong Kong base where the tax rate is 0% and scrap the ship when it is 25 years old. Following this recommendation would be the only scenario where Ocean Carriers sees a positive net present value …show more content…
If the carrier is sold after 15 years, the after-tax scrap value will be $4,367,728. This value was found by taking the known scrap value at year 15 of $5,000,000 and using the inflation rate to determine the scrap value in year 25. With this, the net present value for Ocean Carriers after 25 years will be –$6,872,291. Scenario 1B: Purchase carrier at 0% tax rate. If the boat were to be commissioned in Hong Kong, where there is 0% corporate income tax, the value of the scrap would become $6,719,582 and the NPV after 25 years will be $977,267. Both scenarios are summarized in Table 1. Since scenario 1 has a negative NPV, we recommend Ocean Carriers to not invest if there is a 35% tax rate in the US. In scenario 2, where the ship is built in HK with a 0% tax rate, then we recommend that Ocean Carrier invest in the ship. This analysis shows that working the ship at a 35% tax rate will not yield a profit on the investment even 25 years into the future, given the increasing costs of survey preparation and the diminishing number of days that the ship is actually able to make money and be commissioned. Scenario 2: Operate carrier for 15 years and scrap or sell. Scenario 2A: Operate carrier for 15 years and scrap. Assume a 0% tax rate. Based on a PV analysis where the ship is decommissioned at year
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The estimated operating costs for the new vessel assume that it would be operated in the same way as the Vital Spark. However, the new vessel should be able to handle a larger load on some routes, which could generate additional revenues, net of additional out-of-pocket costs, of as much as $100,000 per year. Moreover, a new vessel would have a useful service life of 20 years or more.
a) In the first set of calculations, the staff used a discount rate of 20%, a five-year time horizon, and ignored taxes and terminal value. What is the relative attractiveness of these three alternatives?
The present equipment cost a total of $6,000 three years ago and it is being depreciated at a rate of 22.5% reducing balance. The investment proposal under consideration is for new equipment costing $25,000 and it would be depreciated on the equivalent prime cost rate as the old equipment. In the NPV analysis, what incremental/marginal depreciation figure would be included in year ones' taxable income ?
(NSY) had been providing parts and services to the Mega-Yacht Industry since receiving their initial seed capital in 2000. The Mega-Yacht industry provided an attractive opportunity for NSY. Although the industry was small by comparison, serving only 10,000 vessels, it generated in excess of $1 billion in economic activity annually, divvied amongst the new build, and maintenance, refit and repair business sectors (Mark & Mitchell, 2003, p. 48). The industry’s supporting cast included captains and crews, owners, management companies, procurement agents, yacht builders and repair entities, brokers, and local husbanding agents. Although unknown to the firm at its inception, consultants in 2002 forecasted the mega-yacht industry would see annual growth of 6%, with the potential for even better numbers in the short-term (Mark & Mitchell, 2003, p. 48).
The difference is policies if proper as the useful life of the asset and the salvage value largely depend the experience that the organization has in the field and usage of the equipment. In this case we can clearly see that Singapore airlines have a much smaller operation level than delta.
Relationship between Age and Ship Price: From the regression, we find that as the ship ages by one year, the price of the ship drops by $ 4.54 mln. This makes sense because as with any other vehicle or asset, the efficiency of the ship drops with age. As it gets older, the carrying value of the ship lowers due to depreciation.
4) Should Ms Linn purchase the $39M capsize? Make 2 different assumptions. First, assume that Ocean Carriers is a US firm subject to 35% taxation. Second, assume that Ocean Carriers is located in Hong Kong, where owners of Hong Kong ships are not required to pay any tax on profits made overseas and are also exempted from paying any tax on profit made on cargo uplifted from Hong Kong. (75 points)
The spreadsheet shows that the new ship would be best utilized on the Tallinn-Helsinki run, where it replace the capacity of three older ships, the Regina Baltica, the Fantaasia and the Vana-Tallinn. The spreadsheet does not factor in the fixed costs associated with each boat, but it is a reasonable assumption that the fixed costs of the three boats that would be sold are going to be higher than the fixed costs associated with the one new boat. It is recommended, therefore to purchase the new ferry as the solver illustrates that the new ferry would deliver greater contribution margin to Tallink than the three older ferries that it would replace.
Perhaps the easiest approach to the acquisition of BoatU.S. is to leave BoatU.S.’s current demand and forecast planning untouched and separate from West Marine’s planning processes. This would be inexpensive and non-disruptive to the current corporate culture. The drawbacks, however, could be a slow steady decline in profitability and reliability of the BoatU.S. brand, hence the reason for the acquisition in the first place.
Ocean Carriers Inc. was approached in January of 2001 with a contract proposal for the leasing of one of their ships for a term of 3 years beginning in 2003. Ocean Carriers currently has no ship to accommodate the customer. To commission the construction of a new vessel would take 2 years from start to completion. The average rate in the spot market is $22,000 per day. Ocean Carriers deployed a younger fleet than average carriers and generally earned a 15% premium over the average daily rate placing them in position to capitalize in strong economies. However, the industry is volatile and suseptable to extremes both low and high. Many ship owners sought to sign contracts with time charters in order to shield themselves from the swings
Reefer box, as known as refrigerated container, is listed in the Hanjin’ potential products list. Since reefer boxes are limited and demand for it is escalated from EU to Asia, reefer boxes are promoted inbound in Asia to export boxes to Europe. As a result, Hanjin can maximize EQ-equipment turnover. Some ports in Europe, such as Felixtowe in Great Britain, have a surplus of reefer boxes, thus the company can adjust the rate higher in order to limit the trade into such area while surplus areas, such as Barcelona in Spain, are offered a reasonable low rate to give Asia-Europe service promotions. Afterwards, the company gets higher contribution margin derives from Europe-Asia trade. Another way Hanjin reinforces its core business globally is promoting “shipper owned container”, “SOC” for short, in the area where boxes are deficit to save on empty repositioning cost. In surplus areas, Hanjin tries to be flexible with its rates to clear out the boxes and send them to other areas with high demand. The rates can be adjusted from lower to higher accordingly. Hanjin Shipping, additionally, has a service diversification to Africa as NAF-North Africa-Asia, WAF-West Africa, EAF-East Africa, SAF-South Africa lines are added. Before cargos are
There are several factors to be considered to calculate the present values (PV) of the first options are: His annual salary at the firm is $60,000 per year, and his salary expected to increase at 3 % per year until retirement, his current average tax rate is 26 % and discount rate is 6.5 percent.
Every firm would love to invest in shipping industry due to large profits involved. However this would seem easy but practically it is lot more difficult and virtually impossible to establish in container line business. The problem pertains to large capital investments in form of vessel and container procurements and risk of operating vessels. Even if we take the examples of biggest companies