1. How much is the Bet Performer worth based on comparable transactions? What ship is the best reference transaction? (the closest comparable)? Comparable transaction is a conventional method of evaluating the value of something that is ready for sale. To value a ship, one had to identify a set of “comparable” ships where comparability was based on four main factors: ship type, size (DWT), age, and condition. The Bet Performer was a 11 year old ship, built in 1997, 172,000 DWT capsize bulk carrier. From the Exhibit 4, there are five ships which are the most comparable to Bet Performer. They are Martha Verity, Ingenious, Sumihou, Cape Sun, and Coppersmith. These ships all have the most similar characteristics, in terms of ship type, …show more content…
This is logical because, larger the ships, more load could they carry, and thus make higher profits, so are priced higher. Relationship between Age and Ship Price: From the regression, we find that as the ship ages by one year, the price of the ship drops by $ 4.54 mln. This makes sense because as with any other vehicle or asset, the efficiency of the ship drops with age. As it gets older, the carrying value of the ship lowers due to depreciation. Relationship between Charter rates and Ship Price: With one point increase in the Capesize ship index, there is a slight increase in the price of the ship by $0.007 mln. The Capesize ships took like a year to build, and are good for 25 years, after which they are demolished and sold for scrap. The economics of this “ship breaking” differed by ship size and type category. So higher this index, higher is the price of the ship. b. Can you think of other factors that might predict ship prices? Apart from the 4 factors ship type, DWT, ship age and gears, there are a couple of other factors which affect the ship price. They are • Type of main engine, • Confirmed time charter contracts with creditworthy counter parties • Loading equipment (cranes and derricks) • Shipyard (original builder) • Location (where the ship was at the time of sale) All these affected the price of the ship, and hence can be used to
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As cargo costs vary with the freight moved they are calculated as a product of Cargo costs per ton, as stated above, and the capacity for each of the vessels, i.e. for Tashtego 1,43*3950 + 1,43*3150 = 10.153,00 and for the large vessel 1,43*6850 + 1,43*3150 = 14.300,00.
The United States of America has not always been the world superpower that it is today. The same goes for its Navy. In the first several years of existence, the United States Navy was not a formidable fighting force. The young nation was hesitant to invest in a navy for many reasons, one of them being to prevent provoking the world powers of the time, France and Britain. On top of that, navies were very expensive to build and required a significant amount of resources to maintain, which the U.S. did not have at the time. To say that the United States Navy was ill prepared for war would be a dramatic understatement. The U.S. had a total of fifteen ships in its entire naval fleet compared to the might of the Royal Navy which possessed over six hundred warships. Even with the odds stacked against the U.S., President Madison declared war on 18 JUN 1812. The lack of size and power of the navy at the time would make it extremely difficult to satisfy the needs of the newly founded nation.
Once railroads were built, shipping by them became increasingly popular. Shipping domestically became cheaper and quicker, which elevated the U.S. economy. In Document E, the cost to ship by wagon is recorded to be twenty times the cost by railroad. Furthermore, the article describes wagon shipping “ was $1.77, while by rail it was less than a tenth of that amount.” Before the invention of the Transcontinental Railroad, trade was limited to wagons being driven for days on end. Few people considered the drive, so the price was high to ship. Besides high prices, canals were
For the engine cost, there is also a positive correlation thus; increase in this cost may also vary in the increase in average age of fleet per hour. However, on this cost, only 61% is determined in the regression equation. Like in the airframe cost, there will be additional 2.6 in cost for every hour of average age in thousands.
1. What is the economic order quantity for standard 5-inch winches if they are ordered from (a) Supplier A, and (b) Supplier B? Round your answers up to the next whole unit, because Narragansett cannot order a fraction of a winch.
If the company is incorporated in the U.S., the NPV will be $-7,836,500.07(US25) after 25 years and will be $-6,395,945.22(US30) after 30 years. Therefore, the U.S. company should not purchase the vessel. If the company is established in Hong Kong, the NPV will be $1,522,472.92(25HK) after 25 years and will be $3,402,293.81(30HK) after 30 years. Therefore the 30 years should be the optimal number of years to operate the carrier before scrapping it after 30 years. In this situation, if the 15-year-selling policy is changed, the company should buy the carrier. For years 26-30, we assume that average daily charter rate is increased by $200 per year. The expected daily hire rate is calculated by multiplying Avg. Daily Charter Rate by adjustment factor for hire rate of 65%.
Expedient delivery of goods outweighed the cost differential. However, since intermodel transportation pricing is governed by fixed costs, such as terminal expenses, not fuel costs, shipping costs will remain higher in this area. Now, lower fuel costs will further help to increase the use of trucks, rather than rail for transportation. This type of shift has not been seen in the industry since 2010, but it appears the trend will continue for the foreseeable future.
Lisa and I met while she was visiting her twin sister. During her visit, Lisa had participated in several activities. One of them was kayaking. She told me about her experience of paddling a kayak for the first time. Lisa described the type of kayak that she used. She also explained how she maneuvered the boat. She answered some questions about her experience. They are listed below:
Basic information, such as the amount of ships, ages of the ships, and size of ships are very similar with the Carnival and Royal Caribbean lines. The Carnival Cruise Line has 25 ships total dating back to 26 years ago, whereas the Royal Caribbean International has 25 ships total dating back to 24 years ago. The oldest ship from the Carnival company is the Carnival Fantasy. The oldest ship from the Royal Caribbean company is the Majesty of the Seas. Another fact is that the smallest ship, from each company, can hold around the same amount of passengers. Carnival’s Fantasy Class can hold up to 2052 passengers, while Royal Caribbean’s Legend of the Seas can hold up to 1832 passengers. The two cruise lines also visit
The weight of many products made transportation across land extremely expensive, so often times traders would resort to sea as their cheapest form of transport. However, due to the lack of waterways, transport would still often end up having to be done by land. Transport costs controlled the size of cities, as well as the products that were traded.
1. Daily spot hire rates are determined according to supply and demand of the shipping capacity. According to the article, the supply of ships available equals the number of ships currently in the fleet plus any new ships added, minus any scrapings and sinking. According to Exhibit 2, there are a limited number of ships older than 24 years which are likely to be scraped. For those ships under the age group from 15 to 19, they will continue to provide supply and are not likely to be scrapped because a lot of them will get into the second hand market. The majority of the fleet is fairly young, and it looks as though an additional 63 vessels are on
In order to analyze how Mercury Marine conducts its business, our team has focused on the concepts of the supply chain and forecasting. According to the book Operations and Supply Chain Management, the supply chain is defined as “...the set of entities and relationships that cumulatively define materials and information flows both downstream toward the customer and upstream toward the very first supplier.” (Schroeder et al. pg. 223). According to Businessdictionary.com, forecasting is defined as “...A planning tool that helps management in its attempts to cope with the uncertainty of the future, relying mainly on data from the past and present and analysis of trends.” These two definitions guided our team as we developed questions and conducted interviews at Mercury Marine.
It is difficult to feel good about yourself if you are knowingly doing something that is potentially ruinous to others. According to this logic, if the people responsible for new vessel purchases were aware of the increasing risk to the firm, they would limit the scale of their activities even if they could make more money and gain more short term recognition by increasing it further.