Sophocles’ greek tragedy, Antigone, follows Antigone as she is punished for burying her brother, Polyneices. For her actions, Antigone receives imprisonment as retribution directly from King Creon, as he is the government of Thebes. Through the use of rhetoric and logical fallacies, Sophocles shows the faults of Creon’s power and Thebian monarchy, and hints at the more effective system of Athenian Democracy. Through a comparison between the monarchy of Antigone to the democracy of the United States of America today, Creon’s rule is shown to be ineffective and problematic.
In Antigone, Creon is the absolute ruler which undermines the potential of his power. In scene three, Creon demonstrates his authority in an argument with his son, Haimon. During the heated conversation, he gets offended and states, “The State is the king!”(Sophocles 221) This shows how ultimately all government decisions are his to make. This poses a problem as the decisions could be greatly biased and there is no-one of equal authority to question him; however, in some instances he does listen to other opinions. Antigone in her actions to bury Polyneices, disregards Creon’s laws and receives imprisonment as retribution. The choragus tries to reduce Antigone’s punishment by confronting Creon and questioning his actions. “Choragos: ‘ These Girls? You have sentenced them both?’ / Creon: ‘No you are right. I will not kill the one whose hands are clean’”(223). Even though Creon continues his punishment for