Organ Donation And The Ethical Implications

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Death is not a pleasant thought to the everyday person, even though it is a simple fact of life. For some it is a welcome event that can alleviate suffering and pain and in the end save the life of another. The simple decision of becoming an organ donor can save lives and improve the quality of life of the recipient. When an individual is in need of an organ transplant, it is typically known that they are in need of an organ that facilitates a restoration of physiological functioning and will often mean the difference between life and death. A vast majority of individuals are apprehensive about what happens to their bodies after their death. In this paper we will go through the origins and history of organ donation, the process by which organs are donated, the ethical implications behind organ donation and discuss many of the proposed solutions to solve the organ shortage issue.
SUMMARY OF THE HISTORY OF ORGAN DONATION The beginning steps of organ donations arose with an array of experimental transplants. Although it wasn’t until 1878 that the first successful transplant was completed, which used a bone from a cadaver. (14) From then on bone marrow transplants began by giving patients bone marrow orally to cure leukemia. This had no effect, but later when they used intravenous injections to treat aplastic anemia, there was some noticeable effects. Eventually developments began to arise that largely aided organ donation, one of which was the discovery of blood groups in
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