Q5: What kinds of successful enterprises can be observed among China-born immigrants in the GTA, and how can these enterprises be described? The types of effective businesses in the study that could be observed among China-born immigrants in the GTA were skilled, specialized or useful and functional personal or home related services and businesses. For instances, the practical and skillful of HAC home services, real estate brokerage, fast printing of Chinese business cards and fast food advertisings, accounting consulting, dating services, immigration consulting, Chinese supermarket, and hair salon. These businesses or services in the study were realistic, workable and valuable to most homes and households or personal applications in GTA. Implication of this finding was that most of these first generation China-born entrepreneur immigrants’ enterprises were small family business or personal skilled trades. They focused on practical and useful home or household and personal businesses which were tied to the challenges of raising funds for startup. These China-born immigrants were new and first generation immigrants in Canada, and they had no families, relatives or networks in GTA (Guo, 2013; P. Li & Li, 2013). As the first generation immigrant entrepreneurs with limited networks and resource, China-born immigrant entrepreneur raised their capital for startup merely from their personal savings or family loans (Azmat, 2013; Guo, 2013). The study findings were consistent
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In China, since the reform and opening-up, there have been two waves of immigration in the last century late 70s and early 90s. With the advent of a new century, China’s economy has come into the phase of rapid development and its informatization construction has been developed at a high speed. Surprisingly, at that time, there is growing the third emigration which is a larger scale one. Among these immigrants, the professional elite and the proportion of affluent people increases year by year.
After civil war had settled down, many immigrants came to America to live from many countries such as Germany, Ireland, and England. There are as many as 12 million immigrants at this time. Regarding Chinese immigration, they immigrated to the United States from 1849 to 1882. Between this period, America had California Gold Rush, which is one of the reasons Chinese people immigrated. Because the Chinese Exclusion Act was taken into practice, no more Chinese people could immigrate to the United States after 1882. Chinese immigration is the divergent point for Chinese’ lives who lived in America.
Since its founding, the United States has attracted immigrants from all over the world and consists of a variety of different cultures. Immigration has had an enormous impact on American society and economy and shaped the country remarkably.
Many new arrivals still struggle to survive and often Chinese Americans still encounter suspicion and hostility. Chinese Americans have achieved great success and now, like so many others, they are stitching together a new American identity. As Michelle Ling, a young Chinese American, tells Bill Moyers in Program 3, “I get to compose my life one piece at a time, however I feel like it. Not to say that it’s not difficult and that there isn’t challenge all the time, but more than material wealth, you get to choose what you are, who you are.” (www.pbs.org)
Immigration was a crucial aspect of the Gilded Age although it brought many issues to the USA. The large influx of Chinese brought out America’s racist views and caused the economy to be affected negatively. To begin with in the California gold rush, the large number of Chinese were blamed for taking all the gold and they were forcefully relocated to the city to work labor jobs. This large growth of laborers caused businesses to lower their average wages and non-immigrant Americans were unable to find jobs. Ones that did already have jobs were angered by the lower wages. Since the economy in the 1870s was in decline, Anti-Chinese groups, such as the Supreme Order of Caucasians, formed to protest against Chinese immigrants all across USA. Labor
In the early 1880’s immigrants started to come over to the United States. Immigrants came into the United States for job opportunities, and a better life for there families. Immigrants come from all over the world, such as chinese, Italian, and Russian immigrants. The experiences of Chinese immigrants differed from immigrants from Italy, and Russia. Their experiences differed, because of how they came over to America, where they lived, and jobs.
Before World-War II, the Chinese immigrants to the U.S had many characteristics. First, the Chinese immigrants mainly came from mainland China, such as the Guangdong province. The Chinese immigrants mainly came from the Guangdong province of China because of the location of Guangdong province. The Guangdong province was close to coastal areas where Guangong people could take the boasts and migrate to America. Also, Guangdong people was far away from the Chinese government's control. Therefore, Chinese immigrants could easily migrated from the Guangdong province of China to America. Second, most of the Chinese immigrants were poor and came from rural areas in China. They migrated to America because they suffered from poor harvests and
First of all, immigrants help the economy grows fast in Vancouver. As the increased population has moved to Vancouver over the past hundreds of years, they have already created the cultural coexistence and make Vancouver a multi-cultural city. “This phenomenon triggers Vancouver to create and operate a diversified consumption environment” (Brent, 2016).In fact, it shows that more than 50% of people were from China and living in the Richmond in the last population census. As a result, more and more Chinese businesses are established in Richmond. Over time, more and more national and international companies set business in
In 1880, the Hayes Administration authorized a well known U.S. diplomat named James B. Angell. His job was to negotiate and control a new treaty they were planning with China. The treaty was called the Angell Treaty, which permitted the United States to restrict or prohibit Chinese immigration. In 1882, the Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, which eliminated the process of immigration of any Chinese laborers, whether it were skilled workers or unskilled workers for 10 years. The Act also required every Chinese person going on a voyage in or out of the country to carry a certificate identifying his or her occupation as a laborer, scholar, diplomat, or merchant. This Act was the first in the whole American history to place broad restrictions
In the documentary “Becoming American- The Chinese Experience” We are shown the history of many Chinese- American immigrants in the united states. We are also shown our on nations past history focusing on the dark part of history. This documentary describes in detail the journey of the first chinese- America immigrants into the united states and their descendants.
After the first wave of Chinese immigrants arrived in the United States in the early 1840s during the California Gold Rush, many Chinese people continued to travel across the Pacific, escaping poor conditions in China with hopes and ambitions for a better life in America. Many more Chinese immigrants began arriving into the 1860s on the Pacific coast for work in other areas such as the railroad industry. The immigrants noticed an increasing demand for their labor because of their readiness to work for low wages. Many of those who arrived did not plan to stay long, and therefore there was no push for their naturalization. The immigrants left a country with thousands of years of a “decaying feudal system,” corruption, a growing
Immigration was a hotbed political topic during the late 1800s and 1900s. Each limiting immigration policy against a certain group enacted correlated with a spike of racism from white America. There is a direct correlation between racism and limiting immigration policies. The most striking example is the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 which effectively froze Chinese immigration for ten years. Furthermore, it blocked current Chinese resident aliens from becoming US citizens because State and Federal courts were forbidden from granting citizenship.
The precise number of Chinese who worked on the railroad from 1864 to 1869 is not very clear. The reason they are not clear is because records are incomplete and inexact. The railroad did not list most of the individual Chinese workers by name in their payroll records, instead they listed headmen of work crews or labor contractors who distributed pay to the individual workers on the crew. January 1864, the Central Pacific hired a crew of twenty-one Chinese workers and hired more during that year and one year later in January of 1865, convinced Chinese workers were capable, the railroad hired fifty Chinese workers and shortly after fifty more. The demand for labor increased, and white workers were reluctant to do such backbreaking, hazardous work. When Leland Stanford reported to Congress in 1865 that a large majority of the white laboring class on the Pacific Coast find most profitable and congenial employment in mining and agricultural pursuits, than in railroad work. More laborers employed by the U.S. are Chinese, who constitute a large element of the population of California. Without the laborers it would be impossible to complete the western portion of this great national enterprise, within the time required by the Acts
This case study looks at the problems facing immigrant entrepreneurs in Canada and key recommendations to follow in order to succeed in starting a profitable company. Shu Guo, like 40,000 other immigrants, came to Canada seeking entrepreneurial opportunities, but many would fall short. Immigrant entrepreneurs in Canada find themselves falling to the same problems. These include a lack of start-up money, correct marketing to find customers, dealing with government regulations that they have a lack of knowledge about, language/culture barriers, and big chains with better resources.
Upward mobility is one’s ability to advance in status. It is not limited to “rags to riches” movements, instead, encompasses all types of socioeconomic ascension's. Considering Yu Hua and Sang Ye’s perspectives on this in China in Ten Words and China Candid respectively, I contend that upward mobility is feasible. One advances through entrepreneurship, moving from the rural interior to the urban coast and having good