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Outbreak: The Zika Virus

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Outbreak: Zika virus
By André Nonaka
The Zika virus was first introduced to South America On May 2015 in Brazil. Now with the Rio Olympics done, panic is spreading. Tourism warnings are cautioning pregnant women not to go to countries infected by the Zika (ZIKV). Pregnant ladies who are infected with the Zika virus may pass the infection onto their unborn children. However, a team of scientists from Florida State University, Johns Hopkins University and the National Institutes of Health have found existing drugs that can stop Zika from replicating in the body and from damaging fetal brains (7). It is not a cure for the Zika virus, but it is a one step closer to finding a cure.
Introduction
Outbreaks of the Zika Virus has been re-emerging ever
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(4)
Is the Zika virus only in Brazil?
On February 1st, 2016 1 Feb 2016 World Health Organization declared the numerous microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders a health emergency. (1) To start with, Zika is spreading at an incredible speed. The Zika virus has not only stayed in Brazil but has reached the majority of Latin America and Caribbean areas. The Zika virus has even reached as far as Miami Florida (5) There have been reports of the Zika virus in a neighborhood in Miami Florida to be the first case of the Zika virus in the United States of America. These revelations have activated alerts over the world.
How is it transmitted?
Zika virus is principally transmitted to individuals through the bite of an infected mosquito. Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the morning and the afternoon. (3) Sexual intercourse is also a way of the Zika virus to be
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The only possible way of reliable way of knowing if a woman has the Zika virus is the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test which looks for genetic material of the virus in blood or urine. (6) However, it takes about 5 to 7 days before you can know if you have contracted the Zika virus.
Treatment
People with the Zika virus are usually fine within a couple of weeks which is good. But, women that are pregnant and have the Zika virus are in danger of their unborn baby contracting microcephaly. People that have been infected with the Zika infection need to get a lot of rest, drink enough liquids, take medication if necessary, and also see a doctor if it gets worse. Baby’s with microcephaly, on the other hand, is born with a smaller head than a normal baby’s head.
Did You know: People with Zika virus disease can have symptoms including mild fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or a headache. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days (2, 5).
Can you be cured?
To this date, there is no cure for the Zika virus however you can prevent yourself from getting infected. You should wear insect repellant, turn over any water storage containers, avoid keeping still water, and cover your arms, legs, and
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