Overview Of Plato And Plato's Theory Of The Four Forms

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Throughout history, many philosophers have discussed the question: is human behavior driven by the mind (logic) or is it driven by a greater force (soul)? This question has been a major topic of many philosophical discussions. This debate has caused many philosophers to give potential answers to the problem, yet no one agrees on one idea. Of these potential answers, two well-known ones are Plato's Theory of Forms and Aristotle's Theory of the Four Causes. Despite their common focus on knowledge, the two philosophers differ in their beliefs in how knowledge is obtained. Plato places a bigger emphasis on the soul being the source of true knowledge, while Aristotle argues that true knowledge comes from logic and reason. Of the two, Aristotle…show more content…
True knowledge is information that cannot be refuted or even argued against. In his mind, true knowledge is absolute truth. Plato uses his Theory of the Forms to explain the nature of everything in existence. In "Phaedo," Plato gives the example of why a beautiful person or a beautiful object truly has beauty. Plato argues "that if anything is beautiful besides absolute beauty it is beautiful for no other reason than because it partakes of absolute beauty; and this applies to everything" (Phaedo 100c). In order for people to identify something that is beautiful, we must have a general understanding of beauty as an abstract concept. This means that people have the ability to identify a person or object as beautiful because the person or object is participating in the general form of beauty. This general form of beauty cannot be seen nor change; it is unlike people and objects in the visible world which can lose their beauty. Just as with the idea of beauty, Plato argues that his Theory of Forms applies to all of reality of stating that there is a form for every concept that there exists. These forms are eternal and unchanging, unaffected and unhindered by the ever-changing nature of the visible world. The ambiguity of the concept of the forms in Plato's Theory of Forms lessens the strength of Plato's overall argument. Plato uses the concept of the forms as the basis of many of his
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