Professor Uhlaner Political Science 137BW November 17, 2016 Paper 4 In her book, Pitkin views representation in four partial views in order to get a better understanding of the overall term. “Acting for” differs from the other views in that it is focused on the substance of representing. Pitkin also brings up the “Mandate-Independence Controversy” which describes the conflict of how representatives should act. The mandate view of representation is where the representative’s choices reflect the views of the represented; he is bound by the instructions from them. Independence view gives the representative more freedom as long as it’s still what is best for the constituents. Both these views offer ways of viewing how a representative should behave. This principle is demonstrated in a sorority executive council. There are different council positions that demonstrate different strategies used to represent the sorority. There is no clear answer to how much freedom a representative should have when acting for the represented. However, the mandate-independence view and Pitkin’s analogies offers a way of viewing this question. Pitkin’s five analogies for explaining substantive representation will be discussed to further explain this concept: actor, trustee, substitute, ambassador, and specialist. Each analogy has its strengths in defining representation and its shortcomings. The first analogy is an actor which acts on the behalf of someone else and is “someone who does the actual
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There is a hierarchy which exists within Congress and its committees. For example, each committee and subcommittee is presided over by a chair, presiding officer, or party leader. A considerable amount of authority is afforded to these leaders, which enables strong partisan influence within the committees. Because committee chairs are selected by majority leaders in both the House and Senate, the controlling party can assign committee chairs who sympathize with the party’s agenda. According to the textbook, “To
UNC Charlotte has made a significant impact on my undergraduate career because this campus has an abundance of resources, a helpful staff, a diverse atmosphere, and plenty of opportunities for campus involvement. This university has a variety of staff, all of which have been helpful in my college experience. They are excellent about working with students so they can gain the most out of their educational experience. For example, when I have sought out more information on which portion of Spain to go to, so that I may improve my Spanish fluency, my professor was extremely helpful. She sat down with me and explained about what it is like living in Spain, tips for where to go, and what to expect from the different regions. This valuable information
I believe the purpose of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. is to grow and develop women scholastically and to help women reach their goals. This organization is noted for its extensive service, reaching beyond college campuses. The purpose is also to stay dedicated and committed to academic excellence. Women of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., not only give back to their community but are also leaders, uniting women to have a positive impact on others. Joining a sisterhood such as Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. is a lifelong commitment. Since Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. starts in the collegiate years, the skills you learn can help later on in life. It is also preparation for working with people with different personal and professional backgrounds. Also, to be aware of what is going on around you and how you can make an impact. Young women looking for mentorship can have a positive
When looking how effectively a country represents its citizens, it is important to take into account the manner in which they are represented. The two main types of representation are descriptive and agency representation. Descriptive representation is the concept that those who represent the American people should not only have the same political interest, but should also mirror the demographic makeup of the people. Agency representation, which is what the United States congress looks like, is when the representation does not reflect the demographic, but they speak for their constituents’ interests in congress. The constituents are able to hold the representatives accountable and can choose not to elect them in the next term, so the representatives
By decision making by representatives of the people, rather than direct decision making by the people themselves. These elite representatives would be expected to use their prudence and wisdom to make decisions based on what was in the best interests of the masses. (pg. 7)
The members of the Magnificent Monroe, NC Chapter of Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Incorporated have been extremely busy in the first half of the 2016-2017 sorority year. The Gamma Upsilon Sigma Alumnae Chapter eagerly accepted the Call to Service issued by International Grand Basileus Deborah Catchings-Smith and have strived to make an impact in Union County and the surrounding areas.
When one first thinks of Greek life or a sorority the only thing that comes to mind is the social aspect. Most people don’t think of sororities as social institutions that envelop their own culture, with mannerisms, languages and customs that are unique to each individual organization. However, these institutions promote a common set of values that enable members to become connected in a way that has a more profound meaning than just social interaction. Greek organizations are good examples of how institutions can affect and be affected by social status and roles within the collegiate community. They are also a prime example of how race, class and gender can affect a social setting in both positive and negative manners.
The Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity provided a voice and a dream for African Americans around the world. For people who were colored at the time this fraternity was created, had to struggle in their everyday life because racism was such a huge focus. Alpha Phi Alpha was founded at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York by seven outstanding African American men who attended college there. They created a strong bond and brotherhood in the organization and were an inspiration to colored people all over the nation. The seven founders were known as “Jewels” at the fraternity. These seven men were Henry Arthur Callis, Charles Henry Chapman, Eugene Kinckle Jones, George Biddle Kelley, Nathaniel Allison Murray, Robert Harold Ogle, and Vertner Woodson Tandy. They were all very intelligent and brave men, a lot of people looked up to them. The fraternity was created and based on colored people who were racially prejudiced socially and educationally. There was one man who caught my eye and found very
On the other hand, the option to be the voters' trustee implies that the Congress Person take decisions on behalf of their constituents without much consulting. However, regardless of the implied autonomy in the trustee option, the member of Congress is still guided by the best interests of their electorate. The trustee model of representation allows the members to vote against the will of the majority of their support base. However, such instances which might
The previous passage proves that the constitution’s ideal representative that holds some sort of power and status in government need to be educated and wealthy. To sum it up, those who are already in congress are those who decide who’ll be apart of government, and make decisions that will affect our country. This will further create a division amongst classes and tension between the upper and middle class will diverge from one another.
Representative arranged may have negative impact on benefit administration. A few hypotheses say that you can't be more individuals arranged without being less objective situated. An excessive amount of contribution with representatives could have a negative passionate effect on both pioneers and workers. Nooyi is a cognizant industrialist whose "execution with reason" motivation has helped move representatives from having an occupation to living a calling. She is intensely mindful that being a lady of shading means she may get more consideration and investigation, yet regardless she anticipates her identity without reservation – whether it's singing in the corridors or strolling unshod in the workplace. She composed the folks of 29 senior
“All five of us have the same job, really. It is not like how it was in the past years when there were a treasurer and a secretary, etc. We all have a say in the decisions we make I believe it is better that way.” says Isabella Stiles, a class representative, about the jobs each representative has.
(Siegel, 1967, p.21) argues that “It is self-evident that no one can be a puppeteer without also being an actor. The difference lies only in the instrumentation of his means of expression. He acts through the puppet, he moves the puppet, he hides behind it, he serves it.”
First is the literal. For the literal, the actor is looking for what actually happens in the scene. For example, in the movie Wreck It Ralph, when Ralph wrecks Vanellope's car, Vanellope is extremely upset with Ralph.