Plato's Idea of the Emergence of Tyranny from Democracy Essay

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What are tyrants, one might ask. In the current sense of the word a tyrant is pejorative term, applied to an individual in power who is selfish and self preserving. A tyrant is an immoral being, ruling over those around him through force, a tax on the freedom of those he subjugates. Yet the question that one should be asking is where do tyrants come from? Plato proposed that tyrants are a product of democracy, that the liberty inherent to a democracy allows the self interested to manipulate the system(generally through appealing to the population at large) causing a system with little liberty. This paper aims to defend the claims of Plato concerning tyranny, particularly the origins of tyrants, as well as to propose the safeguards that …show more content…
Plato states that “the ones who are by nature most orderly generally become the wealthiest”( The Republic Book VIII 564e). Tyrants emerge where the drones manipulate the masses into despising the prosperous. Regardless of what someone believes causes certain individuals in a society to become wealthy and prosperous, it very hard to deny that the prosperous class does not provoke envy on the part of the non-prosperous. This is where the large uninterested portion of a democratic population make it possible for tyrants to emerge. Both parties (the prosperous and non-prosperous alike) select and support drones that defend their interests, as one group is busy procuring wealth, the other uninterested in pursuing political debate. The most successful of these drone are those that defend the interests of those they support the best, generally by victimizing members of the opposite camps and defending their own against the victimization of others. They gain power and prestige to the point that they can be called popular leaders.

Tyrants evolve from popular leaders because they are able to victimize and scapegoat members of opposing camps with the support of the masses. The masses benefit from supporting their leader as he/she continues to defend their interests, and generally the loss of the victims
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