Police Brutality Must Understand The History, Definition And Benefits Of Policing

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Before we talk about police brutality we must understand the history, definition and benefits of policing in the civilized world in which we live in. Wikipedia’s definition is, Wikipedia [1] a police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by the state to enforce the law, protect property, and limit civil disorder. Their powers include the legitimized use of force. The term is most commonly associated with police services of a sovereignty state that are authorized to exercise the police power of that state within a defined legal or territorial area of responsibility. Police forces are often defined as being separate from military or other organizations involved in the defense of the state against foreign aggressors; however,…show more content… [2] In 1636 the city of Boston established Night Watch, which idea worked reasonably well as long as the area remained a rural and agrarian one. New York City established the Shout and Rattle Watch in 1651 however, in 1705, Philadelphia found it necessary to divide the city into ten patrol areas. As the United States of America was born and the population increased as did the urgency of keeping order and civil rest. Beginning with Sheriff’s in the counties, policing was then instituted in all forms of government agencies, utilizing the gendarmerie principle and paid with taxes by the citizens of the land. As our country developed and became more populated and civil, so did the number of officers in the police agencies across our country. Each individual community differs on issues ranging from drug abuses, theft and now more prevalent, police brutality. In order to understand the reasons behind the widespread use of force by police officers, we have to understand contributing factors. Robert E. Worden connects theories of police brutality with new evidence on the use of force by police. Researched: (Lundman, 1974; South and Visher, 1981) concluded that the demeanor of suspect influences arrest. Arrest is more likely if you are disrespectful to police officers. Decisions are based on situational
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