Political Profile : Japan

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Political Profile: Japan A. Government Structure: Government background: The government of Japan is a constitutional monarchy. This means that the power of the Emperor is limited and is relegated primarily to ceremonial duties. In many other states in Japan, the government is divided into three branches the Executive branch, the Legislative branch, and the Judicial branch, which was established in the Constitution of Japan. The Constitution defines the government to be in a unitary form of a parliamentary system. Executive: The Executive branch of Japan is headed by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is the head of the Cabinet and is chosen by the Legislative branch. The Prime Minister does have Executive powers but is responsible for decisions as they may be dismissed or denied by the Legislative branch. The Prime Minister serves a term of four years or less, and there are no limits imposed on the number of terms he or she may hold. The Prime Minister is the head of government and commander-in-chief. He or she is also in power of presenting bills to the Legislative branch and also signing them, and declaring a state of emergency. The Prime Minister also gets to choose a cabinet which consists of him or her and the ministers of state. The members of the Cabinet are appointed by the Prime Minister and under the Cabinet Law the number of members appointed excluding the Prime Minister must be fourteen or less. The members of the Cabinet must be chosen from either house of

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