Essay on Population Demographics

1330 Words6 Pages
Population Growth Rate: Highest to Lowest Rate

Nigeria: 1st Egypt: 2nd Mexico: 3rd
India: 4th USA: 5th China: 6th
Italy: 7th

1.How do you suppose living conditions differ between the countries furthest along in the demographic transition compared to the country earliest in the transition? How would living conditions in these two countries affect both birth and death rates?
The living condition for countries earlier in the demographic transitions such as health and food supply are improving. Thus better health conditions decrease death rates and more food supply can lead to increasing birth rates. Since living conditions (health and
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Italy reached a stable population much earlier than Nigeria. While the total population for Italy stayed small, Nigeria has approximately 7-9 times more population for each age group. Italy is further in the demographic transition and already had a declining growth rate keeping the population fairly small. In contrast, Nigeria is barely a developing country with a much higher growth rate thus creating a greater ending population. In terms of land and rural area, Nigeria has more land to expand and sustain this population size.

6. Many Western European countries are giving monetary incentives to employees who have multiple children. Why would they do this? How would a baby boom change Italy's demographics?
Western European countries are giving monetary incentives to employees with multiple children because their population is decreasing and they want the population to increase. The average birth rate is 1.28 children per woman, not enough children are born to replace their parents. A baby boom would increase the population in Italy, that generation will then have more babies and cause an increase in population. 7. What would Egypt have to do in order to reach a zero growth rate? What kinds of challenges might the Egyptian government face in trying to implement these measures?
Egypt would have to decrease their average birth rate to around 1.69 children per woman or increase the age group at which they
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