Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

765 Words Jun 9th, 2016 4 Pages
The conceptualization of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was formally recognized as a psychiatric disorder in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and first included in the 10th edition of the International Classification of Disease (Bisson, 2007). The description of stressor Criteria (A) in the DSM-III-R “are described as rare and if Criterion A events did occur it is suggested that initial distress should develop in the majority of exposed individuals as a response” (Resnick, Kilpatrick, Dansky, Saunders, & Best, 1993, p. 984). However, accounts of PTSD have existed for centuries under different names and ideologies e. g. shell shock, battle fatigue, Da Costa’s Syndrome. In the time of Freud, it’s causes were attributed to an individual’s character deficit. During World War II is was understood to be a normal reaction to persistent combat.
Currently, PTSD is defined as the psychological residual effects from a profound event or reoccurring events that are relived initially through nightmares and flashbacks that have created blueprints that of the past seem practical but do not benefit the individual (Dziegielewski & Turnage, 2015). These effects persist to form debilitating, acute, and/or chronic behaviors that cause social detachment or estrangement. These behaviors frequently lead to impairment of the individual’s ability to function in social or family life. Iribarren, Prolo, Neagos, & Chiappelli…

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