Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTD)

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Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD, is a delayed stress reaction in which an individual involuntarily re-experiences emotional, cognitive and behavioral aspects of past trauma. An emotional memory contributes to the lasting quality of most traumatic memories. Having lived through a natural disaster, survived a life-threatening accident or witnessed another person being killed or badly injured are traumas described by PTSD victims most frequently. They are different experiences that cause this disorder. In men it’s usually a physical attack, military combat, disaster or fire or being held captive or hostage. For women it would be rape, sexual molestation, physical abuse and neglect during childhood. Women are more than likely to develop
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In the years of 1861-1865 the U.S. military physicians document the stresses of Civil War soldiers. 1871, was the year that Jacob Mendez Da Costa published a study about the ‘irritable heart’. In 1905 ‘Battle shock’ is regarded as a legitimate medical condition by the Russian Army. In the years of 1917-1919 distress of soldiers was attributed to ‘shell shock’ during WWI. Shell shock was characterized by “the dazed, disoriented state many soldiers experienced during combat. In 1918, Smith and Pear advocate for the term “war…show more content…
They are two different strategies that have been used. The first strategy is universal prevention, which is to deliver interventions to all people exposed to a trauma, regardless of the symptoms or risk of developing PTSD. The second strategy, is targeted prevention, it is based on the fact that although many people experience some symptoms of PTSD after trauma, only a relatively small percentage develop the psychiatric disorder of PTSD and its associated disability. The goal of targeted prevention is to be able to identify, from among all people exposed to a trauma, those who are at high risk of developing the disorder of PTSD and then intervene only with those at high risk. Trauma survivors take the initiative to take direct action to cope with their stress reactions. They tend to put themselves in a position of power. Active coping with the trauma makes you begin to feel less helpless. It means to accept the impact of trauma on the person’s life and taking direct action to be able to improve things. It even occurs when there is no crisis; it is a way of responding to everyday life. A habit that must be made
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