The paper titled “Poverty Profiles and Coping Strategies of the Hoar (Ox-bow lake) Households in Bangladesh” provides poverty estimates using different methods for Hoar areas of Bangladesh. The paper also gives a clear overview of how poor households face the seasonal poverty incidence that is endemic to this region. The main strength of the paper is relatively large sample size covering hoar areas across different districts of north-eastern part of Bangladesh. Since author(s) has a rich data set, I was expecting that there would be many interesting findings and dynamics from the author’s analysis. However, findings on poverty estimates and coping strategies that the author obtained are less dissimilar than what we can observe in most of the rural areas in Bangladesh. In addition, there are some issues that the author needs to take care of before the paper got published. My comments are as follows:
1. The timing of the survey was not chosen in accordance with the cropping season in Bangladesh. The household level data were collected during February-May 2009 (page 5, line 2), however, in Bangladesh there are two main cropping season: Kharif which starts from May, and Rabi which starts from October and ends in February depending on the specific region of Bangladesh (Banglapedia, 2016). Thus, the survey period coincides with the lean season that may lead to overestimates of poverty profiles. The author does not provide any motivation for choosing the aforementioned time period
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A Framework for Understanding Poverty is a book, written by Ruby K. Payne for the purpose of helping educators impact their students in poverty through opportunities. This book examines experiences from all economic classes in order to evaluate the differences in education among each class. Payne talks about the different types of poverty and the resources needed to be a stable and educated person. Poverty is “the extent to which an individual does without resources”.
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Farmers in IGP derive their livelihoods through a variety of non-, on-, and off-farm sources; all of which vary across the sites. At all sites, the majority of the farm-families predominantly pursue agriculture-based livelihood strategies through intensification and diversification. In Bihar and Terai, livelihoods of the majority of the farmers depend on food crops (Table 3). Livestock, including fisheries, is a major source of livelihoods in coastal Bangladesh. Besides this, households in coastal Bangladesh depend on fuelwood for energy and/or as a source of livelihoods by selling fuelwood. In general, there are multiple sources of livelihood at all sites. As there is no exact single livelihood source across the sites, diversification of livelihoods is a common strategy followed by the rural communities to adapt to uncertainty (ICIMOD 2009), coping with the varieties of risks (Turner et al. 2003; Marschke and Berkes 2006) and ensuring food security (Hailu and Hassen 2012). The implication of diversification of on-farm livelihoods is that some of them may be short-term coping mechanisms which may lead to adaptation to vagaries of climatic and non-climatic risks (Marschke and Berkes 2006).
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The book ‘Poverty with Many Faces: a Case Study of Malaysia’ by Ataul Huq Pramanik is one of the results of the hard works that elaborate the issue significantly both in theoretical and practical perspectives. The author is a distinguished economist who has a sound background both from conventional and Islamic perspectives with a special expertise in development, distribution, poverty and public policies. In this book, the issue of poverty and deprivation faced by the individual is discussed to a great extent based on the multi-dimensional factors that are believed to contribute to the