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Pragmatics Of Individuals With Autism Essay

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Pragmatics in Individuals with Autism
Introduction
Children with autism struggle with pragmatics, or social interactions. Pragmatics extend past simply providing social closeness, it also enables social etiquette. Issues of pragmatics can be etiologically tied to issues with expressive or receptive language skills. Social interaction skills and communication skills that are functional to the individual necessitate an intervention approach that treats individuals holistically. The intervention techniques need to treat an array of separate and discrete behaviors. There are different approaches to addressing these behaviors including Applied Behavioral Analysis or Gentle Therapy while having an emphasis on family-centered care.
Literature Review
Applied Behavioral Analysis
Applied Behavioral Analysis uses behavior plans which use reinforces for target behaviors, or time out or restraint to reduce behaviors. These behavior plans may be limited in their utility because of three important factors: (1) they often assume a certain level of cognitive function that may not be present: (2) they often ignore comorbid psychiatric or neurological conditions: and (3) they often employ data collection procedures that are far too demanding for staff to implement (Polirstok, Dana, Buono, Mongelli, & Trubia, 2003). When recording the data of the implemented plan takes more time and conscientious effort than the implementation of the plan itself, it is not effective. The focus should be
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