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Pregnant Anxiety And Depression Screening Essay

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Adding Pregnant Anxiety and Depression Screening in to Routine Prenatal Care in China
Target audience: Division of women’s health, Department of Maternal and Child Health, National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People’s Republic of China

In China, although several great progresses were made to improve maternal health and decrease infant fatality, there is still insufficient concentration on maternal mental health, especially women during pregnancy. Prenatal Stress, depression, and anxiety are associated with a greater risk of preterm birth (Dunkel Schetter & Tanner, 2012).Thus, it is demanding to add the prenatal stress, anxiety, and depression screening in to routine prenatal care and raise the awareness of parental mental health.

In 2014, Chinese birth rate is 12.4 per thousand (CITE world bank). Although the efforts of promoting prenatal care were made during these years and infant mortality rate decreased substantially from 84 per thousand in 1984 to 9 per thousand in 2015, there are still 1.17 million preterm birth babies who are at higher risk of death of children under 5 years of age (CITE WHO). One of the important risk factors of preterm birth is maternal stress, of which pregnant women and Chinese population lacks awareness.

Mental health issues are substantial in Chinese mothers. A cross-sectional study suggests that 6.4% pregnant women are prenatal depression due to events various conditions (Lee et al., 2004). However, the prevalence of
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