Prevention, Intervention, And Treatment Options

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Prevention, Intervention, and Treatment Options According to McWhirter et al. (2017), the act of suicide is neither comfortable nor easy; however, experiencing a series of painful events lessens the fear of death, which prepares individuals for attempting to take their own lives. Establishing a framework of evidence-based preventions, interventions, and treatment options provides opportunities to help at-risk youth and their families find solutions to difficult problems that they might encounter. In considering this framework, targeting adolescents’ environmental settings provides systemic approaches to offering prevention, intervention, and treatment options. Prevention Awareness of individual characteristics, family problems, and…show more content…
Some additional warning signs to consider are an increase in drug or alcohol usage, reckless behavior, social isolation, extreme mood swings, loss of interest in activities that used to bring pleasure, obsession with death, giving away special possessions, and considering ways to commit suicide (Kroning, M. & Kroning, K., 2016) Treatment The simple statement that “suicide is not correctable” (McWhirter et al., 2017, p. 253) demonstrates the seriousness that counselors, teachers, parents, and even peers should take in offering counsel to adolescents experiencing warning signs of suicidal ideation. Initial treatment requires a determination of the lethality, which is assessed through open and direct discussion with adolescents by questioning whether they have specific plans and resources necessary to carry out these plans (Clinton et al., 2010). If suicide plans appear imminent, adolescents should be hospitalized in order to receive immediate care. When young people are still able to discuss their issues, both McWhirter et al. (2017) and Clinton et al. (2017) recommend having adolescents sign a written contract stating that they will not attempt suicide before talking with their counselor or crisis manager, with the understanding that they should call their counselor immediately if considering breaking the contract. Based on empirical evidence, many researchers have begun questioning the use of the “no-suicide contract”
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