Radicle Perspectives in International Relations

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Radical Theory of International Relations

Radical Theory derives its views from Marxist Theory. It is therefore sometimes referred to as Marxism, Socialism or Socialists internationalism. Radicals believe that the state is nothing more than a machine for the oppression of one class by another.
Although they consider the state to be an important actor in world affairs, they emphasize the conflicting interests of social classes. Classes (capitalists, workers, and peasants), clash for control of state policy within countries, and the government pursue not some overall national interest but the interest of the dominant class. States are not unitary actors. Classes exist within societies but they also span national boundaries. Capitalists
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From 2005 through 2007, the country was wracked by many thousands of protests from poor communities. One of these gave rise to a mass movement of shack dwellers ‘Abahlali BaseMjondolo’ that continues to advocate for popular peoples planning and against the creation of a market economy in land and housing. Today, many African countries have been accused of being exploited under neo-liberal economies. (Fredrick Engels: Socialism: Utopian and Scientific CH. Kerr. Pp 99-110. chapter 111. Historical Materialism).
The peoples’ Republican of China, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam are Asian countries remaining from the wave of Marxism-Leninist Radical theory implemented socialism in the 21st century. States with socialist economies have largely moved away from centralized economic planning in the 21st century placing a greater emphasis on markets, in case of the Chinese Socialist Market economy and Vietnamese Socialist-oriented market economy.
Under Deng Xiaoping, the leadership of China embarked upon a programme of market-based reform that maintained state ownership of rights over land, state or cooperative ownership of much of the heavy industrial and manufacturing sectors and state influence in the banking and financial sectors.
Elsewhere in Asia, Some elected socialist parties and communist parties remain prominent. In Singapore, a majority of the GDP is till generated from the state sector comprising government-linked companies (Wilkin, Sam

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