Causative Agent: Zika virus Disease: Zika, including microcephaly and Guillian barre syndrome Classification of the causative agent: Z. virus is associated with the genus Flavivirus and the Flaviviridae family. Zika is in the same category of diseases with yellow fever and West Nile virus. The Zika virus has an enveloped capsule with single-strained RNA genome. The virus encodes polyproteins with three structural proteins and seven non-structural proteins. History: The Z. virus was first seen in a
The appearance and spread of the Zika virus inside the United States has recently made a huge impact on our society and healthcare professionals. The virus is being passed from an infected mother to her unborn child causing severe, life-altering disabilities and defects. More and more cases of the virus are being reported, with the biggest impact on the development of unborn babies. With no vaccine to protect against Zika, it is especially critical for pregnant women to take precautions when being
The Yellow Fever virus came from Central or East Africa. With transmission between primates and humans, the virus has been spread from there to West Africa. The virus was probably brought to the Americas with the slave trade ships from 1492 after the first European exploration. The first case of Yellow fever was recorded in Mexico by Spanish colonists in 1648. Consequently, the virus started to spread also in North America. In Philadelphia in 1793, more than the 9% of the population die. The American
Richard Pungello No modern nation is immune from the effects of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, on its population. The Republic of Italy is no different. To understand how the Human Immunodeficiency Virus has taken shape within the Republic of Italy, it is first important to define and understand what this virus is in general terms. Human Immunodeficiency Virus is quite similar to other viruses, including the viruses that cause influenza –the flu- or the common cold.
Zika Virus There are many infectious and/or communicable diseases that circulate the world and infect many people and communities. Emerging infectious diseases are those that in which the incidences have increased in the past several decades or have the potential to increase in the near future (Stanhope and Lancaster, 2016, p. 293). The newest emerging infectious disease that has begun to spread worldwide is transmitted through a simple mosquito bite and is known as the Zika virus. The purpose
Purpose This report will educate the reader on rabies in canines (dogs). It will give the reader a basic understanding of the virus and disease, as well as information on prevention and treatment. Background Rabies is thought to be an endemic in the Arctic, Northern Canada and former regions of the Soviet Union (NUNAVUT REF). Rabies is a zoonotic, neuro-invasive disease caused by the Rabies Rhabdovirus Lyssavirus (Merck Veterinary Manual, 2015). The risk of being exposed to rabies is dependent on
For example, community education about current health issues is one of the functions of primary health care, so a registered nurse can assume the role of an educator and educate the community about the current threat. Community education is one of the most important aspects of nursing because their code of ethics requires them to keep the community accurately informed
Emerging Disease: The Zika Virus In 2007 the World Health Organization reported that infectious illnesses have been rising at a very high ratio. The increase in the worldwide communication and transportation infrastructure has eased their spread. The population growth has brought high densely inhabited areas where the diseases are easily spread and have more impact on a large number of infections (BCofM, 2016). Vaccines are a very important weapon to fight the emerging and re-emerging diseases.
sandwiches between Papua New Guinea (PNG) and northern Australia (3). The aedine mosquito species have been culpably involved in the transmission cycles of pathogens of public health importance (1). Aedes albopictus is known to have both field and laboratory proven vector competence for a number of emerging and re-emerging viruses including chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and dengue virus (DENV). CHIKV and DENV are arthropod-borne (arboviruses) viruses transmitted by the Aedes genus (4). Dengue is considered the
monitoring to prevent the transmission of the virus from the Zika, especially in pregnant women, this virus can cause microcephaly and otherbirth defects and development, as well as pregnancy loss. In adults the possibility exists that can produce paralysis (Guillain-Barré Syndrome) and other neurological problems. There are no vaccines to prevent, medications to treat the infection. Follow the recommendations of the Department of health to prevent the spread of the Zika virus. The weekly report of