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Research Paper On Cardiomyopathy

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Cardiomyopathy is when there is an enlargement of the heart. This can cause various problems for the person who carries this heart disease. Cardiomyopathy refers to the heart muscle when it is enlarged, thick muscle walls or rigid. In rare cases the heart muscle tissue can be replaced by scar tissue which may lead to fatal consequences. If left untreated the heart condition worsens meaning that its heart pulses become weaker and the heart is unable to maintain its normal electrical rhythmic beating. This may results in heart failure. A heart that pumps weakly may cause various other problems such as complications with the heart valves.
There are 4 types of cardiomyopathy:
Dilated cardiomyopathy:
Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common form
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It is one of the leading causes in sudden cardiac arrest in people of a younger age group as well as young athletes. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is when the heart muscles cells enlarge and the walls of the ventricles to thicken.The size of the ventricles may often stay at a normal size bit the thickening of its walls obstructs blood flow out of the ventricles causing the heart to be unable to pump blood effectively. If this happens the form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is referred to as obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
In obstructive cardiomyopathy , the thickened muscle makes the inside of the left ventricle smaller, so it holds less blood. The walls of the ventricle may stiffen, and as a result, the ventricle is less able to relax and fill with blood. This then raises the blood pressure in both the ventricles and the blood vessels which run through the lungs. The damaged tissue may then also be unable to react to electrical impulses which will then effect the functioning of the heart in the way in which it pumps blood around the body. Some who have HCM may not feel any symptoms where as some will have severe symptoms causing concern. Those who do not show symptoms are at greater risk as it is often not
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