Review Of The Literature : Failure Of Intelligence

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Review of the Literature Due to failure of intelligence which led to September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States, President George W. Bush created the Office of Homeland Security in October 2001 and later converted it to a full cabinet department with a bill signed in November 2002 (Zimmerman, 2011). Creation of the DHS falls into the overall Federal government goal of reducing loss of life and property during emergency and her continuous efforts to prevent constant and evolving threats for terrorism and natural disasters (Kemp, 2012). The stated mission of the department was to protect US territory from terrorist attacks, respond to increasing threats originating from both nature and humans (Zimmerman, 2011). For instance, the agency is responsible for prevent terrorism and enhance security, secure and manage U.S territorial borders, enforce and administer immigration laws, strengthen national preparedness and resilience, detection of nuclear, chemical, and biological threats to the homeland; protection of our national leaders through the Secret Service; training of federal law enforcement officers, etc. (Johnson, 2015). Also, some components organs of the DHS include the U.S Customs and Border Protection, U.S Citizenship and Immigration Services, U.S Coast Guard, Federal Emergency Management Agency, U.S Immigration and Customs Enforcement, U.S Secret Service, Transport Security Administration, National Protection and Programs Directorate, Science and Technology
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