Rice and Asian Culture

Decent Essays

Rice and Asian Culture
In 1990, the rice is grown around 520 million tons in 112 countries and 95 percent of them were produced and consumed in Asia (Chang). The rice in Asian culture is not just cereal, but it’s part of their lives. It serves their meal almost everyday on their dining table. Oryza sativa is a species of monocot plants and known as Asian rice. The grain was spread started from South Asia to Southeast Asia and East Asia.

South Asia
South Asia is the region that the rice was originated from, although the historical record shows that China, in 2700 B.C., cultivated rice farm. Among countries in South Asia, India and Bangladesh are the largest rice production countries (Mohanty 2014). There is largest paddy field cultivation in India. Paddy field is a land filled with water where deep-water rice grows. In India, there are four kinds of rice are grown: dry or upland rice, rain-fed rice, irrigated rice, and deep-water rice. Indians like to long shaped rice, which is, dry and separate when it’s cooked unlike East Asian countries. The most popular rice in India is ‘basmati.’ The best quality basmati comes from Dehra Dun located in Northern India. The lower grade rice, patna rice is produced in Bihar located Eastern India near Nepal. Indians in rural area produced red rice, which has thicker grain and rich nutrition. Plain boiled rice dish is served in South India and coastal villages. Roasted dry rice mixed with vegetables is made in Bombay located in West Coast

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