Rise Of The Enlightenment

Decent Essays

The enlightenment was based around the principle of “dare to know.” This refers to knowing scientifically, but also religiously. It was a “dare” because of the boldness it took to leave behind traditions and the ways of those who went before them. The enlightenment introduced new intellectual theories and fostered the growth of religious skepticism. The enlightenment is known to have started the modern world, because of the way it left behind traditions and encouraged a new way of thought and discovery. The ideas that began in the enlightenment set the stage for revolutionary ideas that still have an impact on our world today! The enlightenment happened because people wanted to assess the world from a new perspective. They left behind tradition, …show more content…

In contrast with Christianity, relativism suggested that what is right for one person may not be right for another. The idea was that morals were determined situationally, there was no ultimate truth or standard. The prime example of relativism is Montesquieu, the “Father of the Enlightenment.” Persian Letters was a combination of letters that Montesquieu claimed were written by a Persian who had left them behind. Montesquieu was the real author but because this work mocked the king and the absolutist system he was afraid of the consequences he might face if he published them under his own name. Montesquieu also wrote On the Spirit of the Laws, published in 1748, where he voiced his opinion on the government styles of different countries. In these, he took a relativistic …show more content…

The theories, skepticisms, and beliefs that developed during the 18th century were fundamental to the theories, skepticisms, and beliefs that we have today. The present was built on the discoveries and revolutions of the past. “Enlightenment, in other words, has a history—and this history matters; it is not an entity, a “thing” that was invented and then disseminated. We must move beyond a preoccupation with definitions that make the meaning of Enlightenment immutable. Ever since Immanuel Kant’s famous 1784 essay in the Berlinische Monatsschrift, historians have pondered his question “Was it Aufkla¨rung?” (What is Enlightenment?). The scholarly battle between attempts to define its substance and efforts to legislate its limits has generated a massive bibliography. The responses have been manifold, depending on time and place, but they have not yielded an authoritative definition. Rather, they demonstrate just how malleable the concept really was” (Conrad

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