Russia is a vast country with a long history of pride and war. The climate, people and governments in Russia have seen immense changes over its time as country. Russia is substantially a large country and has the most borders with other countries than any other nation, fourteen in total on land and has sea borders with Japan and the United States.
The start of the nation of Russia was a rough history of groups and tribes constantly waring with each other for power. The Slavs had mostly occupied western Russia since the early 7th century and onward. In 988 Russia had embraced Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, which started the mixing of the Byzantine and Slavic culture that defines Russian culture today.
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Russian explorers pushed east along the Siberian River, and by the mid-17th century there were Russian settlements in Eastern Siberia.
Under Peter the Great, Russia was came to be known as an Empire in 1721 and also became recognized as a world power. Ruling from 1682 to 1725, Peter defeated Sweden in War, forcing it to give up West Karelia, securing Russia 's access to the sea and trade. Peter founded a new capital called Saint Petersburg, this was called Russia 's Window to Europe due to the distaste he grew for the old traditional ways of Russia. Peter the Great 's reforms brought a lot of Western European culture to Russia and could almost be called obsessed with the idea of making Russia more like Europe. He was a very tough leader but led by example and was known to be a very hard worker. After his death Peter I 's daughter Elizabeth took over power in 1741–1762 and then was followed by Catherine II the Great who ruled from 1762–1796 and brought in the age of Russian enlightenment. She was and has been debatably the most powerful woman in history.
The late 19th century saw the popularity of socialist movements in Russia. Alexander II was killed in 1881 by revolutionary terrorists via a homemade bomb. When the first bomb failed to kill them he walked out of his cart and asked to speak to his would be assassins and wanted to talk with them.
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During the late seventeenth century under the leadership of Peter the Great, Russia underwent a period of modernization and westernization due to Peter’s reforms. However, without the reforms he instituted, Russia would have remained the most culturally unevolved country in Europe for quite a long time.
Russia before Peter the Great was disconnected from Europe and did not have the technology that the rest of the world had. This position was largely caused by the Mongol invasion of Russia around the 14th century. However, before the Mongol rule, the city-states of Kievan Rus predominated the region. This settlement was established when the Vikings began migrating from Scandinavia to the Black Sea, merging with the East Slavic people. Soon after the creation of Kievan Rus, they converted to Eastern Orthodox Christianity, and began trade with the Byzantine Empire. About 250 years later, the Golden Horde began controlling Russia, cutting it off from the rest of the Europe. When the Russians finally broke free from Mongol rule around the 15th
Russia has many cultural characteristics that have shaped the country we know today. A nation 's culture can define its actions and make them more predictable as a state on the international level. Understanding a nation’s culture gives great insight into the motives and reasoning behind their aggression or acts of force. Factors such as geography, weather, political landscape, military, and key infrastructure provide a clear understanding of Russian culture and how it has shaped the nation over the past century.
Although this shortcoming can also work in Russia’s favor because due to the vastness of the state, supply lines rune long and become less easily protected which makes for long invasions into the country very difficult. Russia is also lacking in suitable ports. Due to most of the country possessing harsh climates and nearly all of their ports being in the arctic, they are usually frozen over which can lead to difficult
European powers were constantly expanding while Russia was still stuck in backwardness, with no reforms, revolution, and their economy and military were not on par with the western countries. Russia was basically just an agricultural society, with almost no trading due to their only real seaport being frozen for more than half the year. This makes them vulnerable at a time when the European and Russia were constantly at war to take away each other’s territory. In the late 17th century, Peter the Great came to the throne and knew that Russia had to modernize so that Russia will be able to advance and not deemed as a weak country. During his reign, he embarked on a journey to numerous European countries to learn some skills and import ideas from the western world into Russian society. Before Peter the great reign, Russian were
Russia has a great history with many different kinds of rulers, some good as well as bad. All of Russia’s leaders have had an impact on Russia today for the better or for the worse. The people who ruled Russia during wartime have had a great effect on its economy in addition to the conditions of its citizens.
In the short story of proposals for a new code of law talks about how Catherine the II came to power in Russia. She came to power following a coup when her husband Peter III, was assassinated. “After death of her husband” (201). With the support of the army and the nobles, Catherine took power made her husband sign a document of abdication. Leaving no one to dispute her coming to power. Under her rule, Russia was modernized and she also became the longest ruling female leader of Russia. With the country growing and becoming stronger than ever, Russia was recognized as one of the powerful nations of Europe. During her reign, Russia was able to accomplish many achievements and she added about 200,000 square miles of land into the country. Not only did she added more land to the country, but she also modernized the monarchy and tried to improve the lives of her citizens. Inspired by
In the 10th century between the years of 1237 to 1480 B.C.E., Russia converted to the Christian religion but did not convert to the Catholic Church practices. Russia was a member of the Byzantine Eastern Orthodox Church. The religion of the Byzantine power was founded by Constantine, but it ended in 1453. The major differences in the Catholic and Orthodox churches were church governors. In the Catholic Church, the pope was in charge of Catholics, and the patriarchs (who functioned as arch bishops) governed the Byzantines. The practice of Caesaropapism (emperor of head of church and state…no pope) was introduced to Russia and was a legacy in the Byzantine Church, and Russia applied it to their government.
When one thinks of Russian culture, it generally is associated with the keeping of tradition. It is not a country that evokes much change from century to century but when taking a closer look into the country, this is a rather bias view compared to just how much the country has constantly been evolving. The biggest push of cultural change happened during the reign of Peter the Great. Peter came to power in 1682, a time when the Russian court was unreliable to one true leading family until Peter’s ruling when that changed. This was a man who saw that his country needed to break from the tradition and emerge into a western society. This was not an easy change considering the remote location that Russia had to Europe and the deep traditional ways of the people. With this in mind, he created many changes that Russia was to undergo to become this powerhouse country that Peter envisioned for his people. With so much change to happen, the movement was a slow process but with Peter’s motivation, nothing seemed to stop the man. Peter the Great’s efforts to Westernize Russia unified Russia through his military ambitions, his cultural ambitions and his finally the creation of his city, St. Petersburg. All of these are major developments created a new version of Russia that has created the country that it is today.
Russia is the largest territorial nation on earth. Also it is the most populous northern most nation. These two facts: the huge size and diversity of Russia and the extremely cold climate have contributed greatly to the imperial expansion of Russia. Because of the extreme cold of the far northern regions of Russia, in the 15th century the country began by building up the land around Moscow, St. Petersburg regions, centered on the Kola Peninsula. As the imperialist expansion of Russia grew the population centers remained in the central region and along the southern border of the country. This is because the trans-Siberian railroad was used to move industry to the far east of the country. Even today because of the extreme cold and permafrost
Even though Russia wasn’t founded until 25 December 1991, its history traces back to the 9th century. During this period, the first signs of the country’s infrastructure began. Creation of trade routes enabled empires being supplied, while leading to the country’s growth. When the 10th century hit, we got the first mention of Moscow. At the time, Moscow was a small settlement that would soon become the pre-eminent city in Russia (A Brief History of Russia). By the 15th century, Moscow became the capital of, which consequently became, Russia. Moreover, in the centuries that would follow, Russia would battle through many wars, variety of leaders who wanted to take the country in different directions, weak infrastructure, communism, and failures of economic growth.
Russia is a huge landmass and covers a vast amount of the earth’s surface area. Being so large, Russia contains a huge variety of different geographical features. There are several mountains, rivers, bodies of water, climate zones, and population centers in Russia. Most of the development in Russia is located in its core area, east of the Ural Mountains. There are several countries around Russia that used to be parts of a larger union called The Union of Soviet Socialists Republics, however, in 1991, the USSR broke apart into several other independent states. The new states that were formed are: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and
The most powerful entities of Russia (one of the main Soviet Union creators) took control when they began to spread the motto "all power to the soviets." It is at this time that the monarchy of Tsar Nicholas II was threatened and finally destroyed in 1917. From this year, began the establishment of a social state and free of exploiters was consolidated until more than a dozen countries were they joined him.
3.1 - The Russian Orthodox Church is the leading religious association in the country followed by Islam. It is believed that more than half of the population can be attributed to the Russian Orthodox Church. Other religions found to be popular in Russia are Buddhism, Judaism, Catholicism, and Protestantism. Religion was suppressed in Russia during 1917-1918. It was not until 1988 that “The millennium of Christianity” was celebrated in Russia. That year alone 1,610 new religious communities were registered. This pattern could explain the low score in long term orientation, as this change recently took place in the late 1980’s. Although the internet has also propelled accelerated global changes, Russia's culture still lags in keeping up
Russia 's history began with that of the East Slavs, whom only emerged as their own distinct group in Europe somewhere between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior and his descendants, the medieval state